Density = Mass/Volume
Density is measured in kg/m(cubed)
Pressure is measured in Pascal
Pressure and depth
Pressure difference(Pa)= Heigh(m) * Density(kg/m(cubed)) * Gravitational field strength(N/kg)
Solids, liquids and gases
SolidàMeltsà LiquidàBiolingàGasàCondensingà Liquidà FreezingàSolid
The molecules in solids are tightly packed and held in fixed positions by strong forces. The molecules vibrate around on fixed positions. As the solid gets hotter these vibrations get bigger.
In a liquid the molecules are closely packed but do not have a regular structure. The forces between the molecules are strong. The molecules move randomly.
The molecule in a gas are widely spaced and in a continuous state of random motion. The forces are veyr small except during collision.
if you look at tiny particles of matter, like smoke particles, in air under a microscope they are continuously jiggling around as if they are being struck at randomly on all sides by invisible particles. The scientist robert brown was the first to report this effect which he observed whilst looking at tiny pollen grains in liquid under a microscope. Therefore it is called brownian motion.
p1 * V1 = P2 * V2
if the pressure is zero the graph estimates that the temperature will be -273 which is the lowest possible temperature.
To convert temperature from CàKelvin add 273 to the celsius temperature
To convert from Kelvinà C, Subtract 273 from the kelvin temperature