Health Exercise Fitness And Performance.
Health : A state of complete mental, physical, and social well being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.
Exercise: A form of a physical activity which maintains or improves health and / or physical fitness.
Fitness : Ability to meet the demands of the environment.
Performance : How well a task is completed.
Health Related Fitness
Cardiovascular Fitness : The ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time without tiring.
Muscular Strength : The amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance.
Muscular Endurance : The ability to use the voluntary muscles many times without getting tired.
Flexibility: The range of movement possible at a joint.
Body Composition: The percentage of body weight that is fat muscle and bone.
Skill Related Fitness.
Balance : The ability ti retain the centre of mass (gravity) of the body above the base of support with reference to static (stationary) or dynamic ( changing) conditions of shape movement and orientation.
Coordination : The ability to use two or more body parts together.
Power : The ability to undertake strenght performances quickly. POWER = STRENGTH TIMES SPEED.
Reaction Time: The time between the presentation of a stimulus and the onset of movement.
Speed : The differential rate at which individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time.
Agility : The ability to change position of the body quick and control movement of whole body.
Aerobic And Anaerobic And Somatotypes.
Aerobic : With oxygen. If exercise is not too fact and it steady the heart can supply all the oxygen to muscles needed.
Anaerobic : Without oxygen. If exercise is done in short fast bursts the heart cannot supply blood and oxygen to muscles as fast as the cells use them.
Endomorph : An individual with wide hips and narrow shoulders characterised by fatness.
Mesomprph : An individual with wide shoulders and narrow hips. Characterised by muscularity.
Ectomorph. : An individual with narrow shoulders and narrow hips characterised by thinness.
Weight Related Conditions.
Anorexic : Pertaining to Anorexia a prolonged eating disorder due to loss of appetite.
Obese : A term used to describe peopl who are very overfat.
Overfat : Having body fat in excess of normal.
Overweight: Having weight in excess of normal (not harmful unless accompanied by overfatness).
Underweight : Weighing less than in normal, healthy or required.