Physical Education Revision.

All of the information covered in class broken down into small chunks. Will include key terms.

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  • Created by: Nicole
  • Created on: 01-11-11 20:41

Health Exercise Fitness And Performance.

Health : A state of complete mental, physical, and social well being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.

Exercise: A form of a physical activity which maintains or improves health and / or physical fitness.

Fitness : Ability to meet the demands of the environment.

Performance : How well a task is completed.

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Health Related Fitness

Cardiovascular Fitness : The ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time without tiring.

Muscular Strength : The amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance.

Muscular Endurance : The ability to use the voluntary muscles many times without getting tired.

Flexibility: The range of movement possible at a joint.

Body Composition: The percentage of body weight that is fat muscle and bone.

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Skill Related Fitness.

Balance : The ability ti retain the centre of mass (gravity) of the body above the base of support with reference to static (stationary) or dynamic ( changing) conditions of shape movement and orientation.

Coordination : The ability to use two or more body parts together.

Power : The ability to undertake strenght performances quickly. POWER = STRENGTH TIMES SPEED.

Reaction Time: The time between the presentation of a stimulus and the onset of movement.

Speed : The differential rate at which individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time.

Agility : The ability to change position of the body quick and control movement of whole body.

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Aerobic And Anaerobic And Somatotypes.

Aerobic : With oxygen. If exercise is not too fact and it steady the heart can supply all the oxygen to muscles needed.

Anaerobic : Without oxygen. If exercise is done in short fast bursts the heart cannot supply blood and oxygen to muscles as fast as the cells use them.

Endomorph : An individual with wide hips and narrow shoulders characterised by fatness.

Mesomprph : An individual with wide shoulders and narrow hips. Characterised by muscularity.

Ectomorph. : An individual with narrow shoulders and narrow hips characterised by thinness.

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Weight Related Conditions.

Anorexic : Pertaining to Anorexia a prolonged eating disorder due to loss of appetite.

Obese : A term used to describe peopl who are very overfat.

Overfat : Having body fat in excess of normal.

Overweight: Having weight in excess of normal (not harmful unless accompanied by overfatness).

Underweight : Weighing less than in normal, healthy or required.

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