Physical Education

Performance enhancing drugs.

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STIMULANTS:

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Examples:
~ Ampetamine
~ Caffeine


Ehance perfomance by:

* Increase physical/mental alertness
* Increase confidence
* Increase metabolic rate


Harmful side effects:

- aggression
- anxiety
- insomnia
- irregular & increased heart rate

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NARCOTIC ANALGESICS:

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~ Methadone
~ Morphine
~ Codeine

* Reduce pain felt - 'hides' or 'masks' injury.

- nausea & vomiting
- loss of concentration
- loss of balance/co-ordination
- may lead to perminant injury
- addiction

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ANABOLIC STEROIDS

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~ Testosterone
~ Nandrolone

* Train harder for longer - increasing strength & power

- liver/kidney damage
- aggression
- premature heart disease
- acne
- low sperm count (males)
- females develop male characteristics {eg: increased body hair, menstruation may stop}

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DIURETICS

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~ Bendrofluazide
~ Alcohol

* Quick weight loss - make weight category
* Increases urine production - 'evidence' passed out body quicker

- dehydration
- nausea
- kidney/liver failure

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BETA BLOCKERS

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~ Antenolol
~ Propranolol

* Calm relaxing effect - could help in archery, bowls etc.

- tiredness
- low blood pressure

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BLOOD DOPING

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~ EPO (erythopoietin)

* Increases red blood cell count --> increase oxygen-carrying capacity of blood

- increased thickness of blood - increased risk of heart failure
- hepatitis
- HIV/AIDS

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