Physical, Intellectual, Emotional and Social Development

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Types of Physical Development

Conception/Pregnancy - Development of the embryo and foetus.

Birth and Infancy - Gross motor skills due to developing big muscle groups.

Childhood - Motor skills due to developing small muscle groups.

Adolescence - Puberty, increased growth in height and weight.

Adulthood - First signs of wrinkles and aging, hormonal changes. For females: Menopause. For males: Increased weight around the stomach (possibly).

Older adulthood - Aging process continues.

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Types of Intellectual Development

Conception/Pregnancy - N/A

Birth and Infancy - Thinking and language skills.

Childhood - Increase in language, memory, reasoning and thinking skills.

Adolescence - Thinking about the future, simple problem solving skills.

Adulthood - Complex problem solving, small decline in tasks that require verbal skills and memory recall.

Older adulthood - Memory recall and intellectual skills decline.

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Types of Emotional Development

Conceptive/Pregnancy - N/A

Birth and Infancy - Adjusting to life outside the womb, crying, temper tantrums, extreme emotions.

Childhood - Becoming more independent, less frustrated and less angry.

Adolescence - Mood swings through puberty, emotional distress but more independent.

Adulthood - Completely independent, stressed emotions due to work etc. Usually stable emotions.

Later Adulthood - Same as adulthood, possibly lonely due to old age.

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Types of Social Development

Conceptive/Pregnancy - Can recognise their mother's voice while in the womb.

Infancy - Wary of strangers and can be quite scared of people they don't know, starts having strong connections with family, especially the main carer.

Childhood - More friendly and talkative with strangers, can have conversations, maturing socially.

Adolescence - Can be quite anxious in social situations as growing older, can have in-depth conversations.

Adulthood - Anxiety with social interactions usually get better, mature and in-depth conversations.

Older adulthood - Same as adulthood but may have less social interaction and be more wary of strangers.

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