Physical education

Components of fitness (1)

Cardiovascular endurance

Definition: The ability of the heart and lungs to cope with excersise for a long period of time.

Examples form sport: A long distance runner

Test(s): Multistage fitness test

12 minute run

Impact on performance: This means that a marathon runner can keep going at speed for the whole race.

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Components of fitness (2)

Muscular endurance

Definition: The ability of muscles or groups of muscles to repeatedly contract or keep going without rest.

Examples from sport: A cyclist, a games player

Test(s): 1 minute sit up test
Push up test

Impact on performance: This means that a games player, for example a netballer, can consistently pass the ball accurately throughout the game.

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Components of fitness (3)

Speed

Definition: The ability to move quickly, this can be all of the body or just parts of the body.

Examples from sport: A 100m sprinter, a quick bowler's arm in cricket when bowling

Test(s): 30m rolling sprint test

Impact on performance: A bowler in cricket can bowl the ball with more pace to increase their chance of getting a wicket.

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Components of fitness (4)

Agility

Definition: The ability to change direction at speed.

Examples from sport: A basketball player dribbling around a player.

Test(s): Illinious agility run.

Impact on performance: This means that you can take the ball around your opposition in any team sport.

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Components of fitness (5)

Flexibility

Definition: The amount or range of movement around a joint.

Examples from sport: A gymnast on the floor tumbling.

Test(s): Sit and reach test.

Impact on performance: A gymnast can get into good positions on the floor to look good and gain points.

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Components of fitness (6)

Strength

Definition: The ability to exert a maximum force for a short period of time.

Examples from sport: A weight lifter.

Test(s): Standing long jump
Standing high jump
Grip dynamometer test

Impact on performance: A weight lifter can lift heavier weights in order to win.

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Components of fitness (7)

Reaction time

Definition: Time taken to respond to a stimulus.

Examples from sport: A 100m runner at the beginning of the race.

Test(s): Ruler drop test

Impact on performance: A 100m sprinter can be quick of the mark and gain the edge on his competitors.

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Components of fitness (8)

Co-ordination

Definition: The ability to use two or more body parts together.

Examples from sport: A swimmer, a footballer dribbling.

Test(s): Wall bounce test.

Impact on performance: A swimmer can swim quickly whilst co-ordinating their arms and legs to win the race.

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Components of fitness (9)

Balance

Definition: Static balance: The ability to hold a position
Dynamic balance: The ability to move without falling or wobbling.

Examples from sport: A gymnast on the beam.

Test(s): Stork test

Impact on performance: A gymnast can perform highly skilled routines on the beam and gain high points from the judges.

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Components of fitness (10)

Power

Definition: The ability to extert a maximum force at speed.
A combination a strength and speed.

Examples from sport: A footballer kicking the ball, a cricket player hitting the ball for 6

Test(s): Standing long jump
Standing high jump

Impact on performance: A football can put more power on their shot to increase the likely hood that it will go in.

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