Physcial Education

Developing knowledge in Physcial education

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Potential Hazards and Risk Assessments

Six activity areas where potential risks and hazards can occur:

  • Gymnasium
  • Swimming Pool
  • Courts
  • Playing fields
  • Sports hall
  • Outdoor Adventerous activity

A risk assessment is a way of trying to prevent a hazadous situation and risk occuring

Common types of risk associated with PE

  • Poor playing equipment or surface
  • Lack of preperation readiness (warm up)
  • unequal competition
  • Failure to understand follow rules
  • Inappropriate clothing
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FITT training

F- Frequency- how often you should exercise-

  • Adults should do a minimum of 30 minutes moderate-intensity physical activity, five days a week.

I- Intensity- How hard you should exercise

T- Time- How long you should exercise

T- Type- What exercises you should use

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The skeletal system

The skeleton has many different functions:

Support and shape-Without the skeleton we'd collapse like jelly. The skeleton supports the soft tissue like skin and muscle

Protection- The skeleton protects delicate vital organs, like the heart, lungs and brain

Movement- Joints- Places where two or more bones meet. muscles attached by tendons can move various bones

Making blood cells- Long bones conatin bone marrow, new red blood cells are made in this bone marrow. Red blood cells are used to carry oxgyen , haemoglobin around the body where its used to release energy

Mineral storage- Bones store important minerals like calcium

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Two different types of muscles

Involuntary muscles- Intestines, organs, blood vessles. They work without concious effort from you, so without you having to do anything like breath or lift an arm

Voluntary muscles- They are attached to the skeleton and are under your control. Like flexing muscles, lifting an arm, heart beating, breathing.

All muscles are made up of fibres

Nerve impulses are what tells muscles to contract- or the heart to beat in rhythm

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The red on the second card didn't help

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