Phobias

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Types of Phobias

Phobias are anxiety disorders. A fear of something is not a phobia, a fear only becomes a Phobia when it negatively impacts on aperson everyday life e.g. not being able to leave the house because the fear that there may be a spider outside.

  • Specific Phobias - The fear of a specific object or situation e.g. Arachnophobia
  • Social Phobias - The fear of humlition in public places e.g. Eating in a Restaurants
  •  Agoraphobia - The fear of public places e.g. Shopping Malls 
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Characteristics of Phobias

The following are typical Behavioural, Emotional and Cognative charateristics of Phobias:

  • Behavioural - Painic, Avoidance, Endurance
  • Emotional- Anxiety, Emotional responses are deemed unreasonable.
  • Cognative - Selective Attention to the Phobic Stimulus, Irrational Beliefs, Cognative Distortions
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Depression

Depression is a mood disorder. It involes a prolonged and fundmental disturbance of mood and emotion. Depressive disorder are the most common out of all psychopathological disorders (20%). there are no clincal tests for depression so on order diagnose psychologist have to go what the piatent tells them. In order to have clincial depression, 5 of the following symptoms have to of occured over 2 weeks:

  • Poor Appetite and Weight loss OR Increased appitite and Weight gain.
  • Sleep difficulty OR Too Much Sleep.
  • Loss of energy.
  • Body slowed down OR Speeded up.
  • Feelings of innappropiate Guilt
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Suicidal Behaviour
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Diagnostic and Statisical Manual of Mental Disorde

  • Major Depressive Disorder (Serve But Short Term)
  • Persistant Depressive Disorder (Long Term and Reccuring)
  • Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (Childhood Temper Tanturms)
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (Disruption to Mood Prior/During Menstrution) 
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Characteristics of Depression

The following are typical Behavioural, Emotional and Cognative charateristics of Depression:

  • Behavioural - Shift in activity level, Sleep loss or gain, Agreesion/Self Harm
  • Emotional - Low Mood, Anger, Low Self-Esteem
  • Cognitive - Poor Concentration, Dwelling on the negative, Absolutist Thinking
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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive Complusive Disorder (OCD) is a serious anxiety-related condition where a person experinces frequent intrusive and unwelcome obsessional thoughts, often followed by repetitive complusions, impulses or urges.

(http://www.ocduk.org/siteimages/OCD/ocd-cycle.jpg)

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Characteristics of OCD

The following are typical Behavioural, Emotional and Cognative charateristics of OCD:

  • Behavioural - Compulsions, Aviodance
  • Emotional - Anxiety and Distress, Accompanying Depression, Guilt and Disgust
  • Cognitive - Obsessive Thoughts
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