Types of Phobias
Phobias are anxiety disorders. A fear of something is not a phobia, a fear only becomes a Phobia when it negatively impacts on aperson everyday life e.g. not being able to leave the house because the fear that there may be a spider outside.
- Specific Phobias - The fear of a specific object or situation e.g. Arachnophobia
- Social Phobias - The fear of humlition in public places e.g. Eating in a Restaurants
- Agoraphobia - The fear of public places e.g. Shopping Malls
Characteristics of Phobias
The following are typical Behavioural, Emotional and Cognative charateristics of Phobias:
- Behavioural - Painic, Avoidance, Endurance
- Emotional- Anxiety, Emotional responses are deemed unreasonable.
- Cognative - Selective Attention to the Phobic Stimulus, Irrational Beliefs, Cognative Distortions
Depression is a mood disorder. It involes a prolonged and fundmental disturbance of mood and emotion. Depressive disorder are the most common out of all psychopathological disorders (20%). there are no clincal tests for depression so on order diagnose psychologist have to go what the piatent tells them. In order to have clincial depression, 5 of the following symptoms have to of occured over 2 weeks:
- Poor Appetite and Weight loss OR Increased appitite and Weight gain.
- Sleep difficulty OR Too Much Sleep.
- Loss of energy.
- Body slowed down OR Speeded up.
- Feelings of innappropiate Guilt
- Inability to concentrate
- Suicidal Behaviour
Diagnostic and Statisical Manual of Mental Disorde
- Major Depressive Disorder (Serve But Short Term)
- Persistant Depressive Disorder (Long Term and Reccuring)
- Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (Childhood Temper Tanturms)
- Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (Disruption to Mood Prior/During Menstrution)
Characteristics of Depression
The following are typical Behavioural, Emotional and Cognative charateristics of Depression:
- Behavioural - Shift in activity level, Sleep loss or gain, Agreesion/Self Harm
- Emotional - Low Mood, Anger, Low Self-Esteem
- Cognitive - Poor Concentration, Dwelling on the negative, Absolutist Thinking
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Obsessive Complusive Disorder (OCD) is a serious anxiety-related condition where a person experinces frequent intrusive and unwelcome obsessional thoughts, often followed by repetitive complusions, impulses or urges.
Characteristics of OCD
The following are typical Behavioural, Emotional and Cognative charateristics of OCD:
- Behavioural - Compulsions, Aviodance
- Emotional - Anxiety and Distress, Accompanying Depression, Guilt and Disgust
- Cognitive - Obsessive Thoughts