- R. B. Braithwaite –“Religious Statements have an ethical function. Religious Statements recommend a commitment to a way of life.”
- A J Ayer – “The criteria which we use to test the genuineness of apparent statements of fact is the criteria of verifiability. We say that a sentence is factually significant to any given person, if, and only if, he knows how to verify the proposition which it purports to express - that is, of he knows what observations would lead him, under certain conditions, to accept the proposition as being true, or reject it as being false.”
- Tillich – “Whatever we say about that which concerns us ultimately, whether or not we call it God, has a symbolic meaning. It points beyond itself while participating in that to which it points. In no other way can faith express itself adequately. The language of faith is the language of symbols”
- Gilbert Ryle – “the presentation of facts belonging to one category in the idioms appropriate to Another”
- Ramsey – “‘Infinite’, then, in these ..ways qualifies the model “good” and as so used ‘infinite’, like ‘first’ in ‘first cause’, is what we may call a logical qualifier ‘developing moels in a useful direction, and pleading in the end an appropriate logical status for the word ‘God’”
- Bonhoeffer –“Jesus is there only for others… God in human form! Not… in the Greek divine human form of 'man in himself', but in the 'man-for-others', and therefore the crucified.”
1 of 4
- Rudolf Otto - “An apprehension of the wholly other.”
- F. W. Coppleston - “a loving but unclear awareness of some object which irresistibly seems to the experiencer as something transcending the self.” “[Religious Experience] cannot be explained adequately and without residue, simply subjectively”
- Mother Julian - After this the Lord brought to my mind the longing I had to him before. And I saw that nothing prevented me but sin. And so I saw that it was the same for everyone, and I thought - "If sin had not been, we should have all been clean and similar to our Lord as he made us". And thus in my foolishness before this time I wondered why, in the great foreseeing wisdom of God, the beginning of sin was not prevented." And God answered "Sin is inevitable, but all shall be well, and all shall be well, and all manner of thing shall be well"
2 of 4
- David Hume - Miracles are a “violation of law by a supernatural being” “The Christian religion not only was at first attended with miracles, but even at this day cannot be believed by any reasonable person without one. Mere reason is insufficient to convince us of its veracity: and whosoever is moved by faith to assent to it, is conscious of a continued miracle in his own person, which subverts all the principles of his understanding, and gives him a determination to believe what is most contrary to custom and experience”
- J.S Mill - 'Nearly all the things which men are hanged or imprisoned for doing to one another are nature's everyday performances’
3 of 4
Life, Death and the Soul
- John Hick - “…not situated at any distance or in any direction from the objects in our present world, although each object in either world is spatially related to every other object in the same world.”
- Dawkins - "The genetic code is not a binary code as in computers, nor an eight-level code as in some telephone systems, but a quaternary code with four symbols. The machine code of the genes is uncannily computerlike."
- Dawkins - "There is no spirit-driven life force, no throbbing, heaving, pullulating, protoplasmic, mystic jelly. Life is just bytes and bytes and bytes or digital information."
- Death - “final cessation of vital functions. Event that terminates life. Ceasing to be, annihilation.”
- Charles Hartshorne -What survives after death is simply the memory of the individual, preserved in the Mind of god.
- D. Z. Phillips - The Language of Eternal Life used by the Christian Religion should be reinterpreted as a moral language – “everlasting life” is a moral quality that is only attainable in this life.
- Immanuel Kant Acting morally only makes sense if there is some goal that the moral agent is working towards.
4 of 4