Philosohy

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  • Created by: mollyhgs
  • Created on: 23-04-15 18:22

Deciding what right and wrong

  • Media
  • Beliefs
  • Other peoples decisions
  • Peer pressure
  • Background
  • Law
  • Experiences
  • Family
  • Friends
  • Role models
  • Desicions
  • Society
  • Conscience
  • History
  • Enviroment
  • Religon
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Reasons for crime- Psycological

Reasons for crime- Psycological

  • Mental Illness
  • Trauma
  • Bad Experiences
  • Deppression
  • Confusion
  • Jelousy
  • Anger
  • Upset
  • Threat
  • Greed
  • Attention Seeking
  • Fear
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Reasons for crime- Envirometal

Reasons for crime- Envirometal

  • Housing
  • Living Area
  • School
  • Nothing to do
  • Alcohol
  • Drugs
  • Lack of open space
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Reasons for crime- Social

Reasons for crime- Social

  • Peer pressure
  • Friendship group
  • Bullying
  • Media
  • Up-bringing
  • Blackmail
  • Class
  • Wealth
  • Poor Education
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Types of crime and punishment

Types of crime

  • Crime against the person
  • Crime against the state
  • Crime against property
  • Religous offences

Types of punishments

  • Life Imprisonment or14/5/7/2 years imprisonmet (six months imprisonment)suspended
  • Prison sentance
  • Community service
  • Curfew order and electronic tagging and restraining order
  • ASBO
  • Fine
  • Driving disqualification
  • Attendance centre order
  • Probation
  • Police caution
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Why we punish 1

VINDICATION

  • Being punished to show that the law is right and respected and that the law has a reason
  • EG. obeying car part rules.

DETERRENCE

  • To punish to put people off
  • EG. the death penalty

PROTECTION

  • Ensuring that the public are safe from criminals
  • EG.murderers, rapists, paedifiles, drug dealers, terrorists
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Why we punish 2

RETRIBUTION

  • Punishments to get your own back 'revenge'
  • EG. murder = execution

REFORMATION

  • To punish to change behaviour for the better
  • EG. community service

REPARATION

  • Meaning a criminal is helping the community/society after their offence
  • EG. paying back any damage and community service
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Christian veiws on crime and punishment

Christian veiws on crime and punishment

  • Christians believe punishment should use reformation
  • They also believe that you should not seek revenge as all people have sinned.
  • Society must be protected from sin
  • They don't believe in retribution as only God can judge
  • Sin is doing wrong and it comes from the garden of Eden
  • People should be punished "reap what you sow"
  • Love your neighbour as you love yourself
  • 10 commndments
  • Forgiveness
  • God gives time and god takes it away
  • God is loving and compassionate
  • Sanctity of life
  • God has a plan
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Buddhist veiws on crime and punishment

Buddhist veiws on crime and punishment

  • Buddhists want to reform their prisoners to achieve more Karma
  • Buddhism imprisons to protect their community
  • They believe in detterence to help understand karma
  • They are against retribution as it goes against metta
  • Reformation helps you change and show compassion
  • The 5 precepts- do not harm any living thing - do not take what isnt given - do not engage in sexual activity that harms others - do not speak falsly - do not put anything into your body that will cloud your mind.
  • Karma - the thought that every action has a consequence (good or bad)
  • Metta - loving kindness
  • Ahimsa - not using violence - violence is wrong whatever the reason for it
  • Sanctity of life
  • Karuna - being compassionate
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Capital Punishment

Capital Punishment is the death penalty or execution

It is when the person is put to death by Judical Process (The Law) as a punishment for a crime

ELECTROCUTION-causes fatal damage to the body's internal organs- it can take a few times         Example countries: USA

HANGING-strangling using your own body weight to kill you                                                                    Example countries: Egypt, Iran, Japan, Jordon, Pakistan

LETHAL INJECTION- injects lethal drugs into you so you come to an imediate death                         Example countries: China, Somelia, Taiwan, USA

STONING- slow and painful used for crimes not just murder                                                                    Example Countries: Iran, Afganistan, Saudi Arabia, Somelia

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Young Offenders

Young Offenders

A young offender is someone who is under 18 and breaks the law in the uk.

Minor offences: warnings, ASBO's, child safety orders

Major offences: youth court, fines, curfews, reparation order.

Statistics:

  • 95% are boys
  • 71% reoffend within a year of leaving custody
  • 89% between the ages of 15 and 17
  • The UK has the highest rates of young people in custody in Europe.
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Young Offenders Accomidation

Secure Training Centre

  • 2 adults;5 kids
  • provides health, education and treatment programmes
  • provents re-offending, hold vunrable people and regular observation
  • there are only 4 in the country

Secure childrens home

  • run by social services
  • attend to physical, emotional and behavioural needs
  • family set up and they are secure and provides help for issues
  • there are up to 40 people in each home therefore they can be noisy and you can be placed away from home

Young offenders institute

  • staffed by prison officers
  • cheap and holds vunrable kids and deals with young peoples needs
  • doesnt have a high care level
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For Capital punishment

For Capital punishment

  • An 'eye-for-an-eye' murderers should pay with their life
  • Deterrence
  • Life sentances dont always mean life
  • Some people can not be reformed
  • A waste of resources housing criminals for their entire lives
  • The death penalty has been used for years in many countries
  • It demonstrates that society will not tolerate crimes
  • The death penalty is the only way to protect society
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Against Capital punishment

Against Capital punishment

  • Retribution is uncivillised
  • Most murders are done in the spur of the moment
  • It is a contradiction to punish murder with execution
  • Legal systems can fail and innocent people can be killed
  • All life is sacred and murderers should be given a chance to reform
  • Its inhuman and degrading to put anyone through physical and mental torture
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Keywords 1

CRIME - An offence that is punishable by law.

PUNISHMENT - Something done to somebody because they have broken the law.

CONSCIENCE - The inner-feeling that you are doing right or wrong.

DUTY - A moral or legal obligation, things that must be done.

RESPONSIBILITY - A duty to care for or having control over something and showing understanding that we are in control of our actions.

COMMUNITY SERVICE - Beneficial to society.Putting something back in to society as it deprives people of their free time.

ELECTONIC TAGGING - To keep track of criminals. House arrest and curfews. can be rearrested. alarms

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Keywords 2

RESTORATIVE JUSTICE -Meet and talk to the victim. Makes the criminal feel guilty and see the damage making them less likely to reoffend.

FINES - Made to pay a physical price. Made poorer so less likely to reoffend

YOUTH SUPPORT - Rehab groups, Reparation orders, Community based.

LIFE IMPRISONMENT - The most severe punishment in the UK. Not whole life, average sentance of 15 years before the criminal is eligible for parole.

PAROLE - When prisoner is realesed without completeing full sentance. Usually as they have behaved well and accepted guilt. The criminal will then be monitored to be sure they dont re-offend.

EARLY RELEASE - When prisoner has fulfilled the criteria for getting parole. Sometimes for political reasons such as to stop overcrowding so low risk prisioners are released.

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