Pharmacology

Theory on pharmacology

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Jonathan
  • Created on: 07-10-08 11:49

what is pharmacology

Pharmacology is concerned with the study of how a substance interacts with an organism to produce a change.

1 of 16

pharmacokinetics

Concerned with the study of the effects of the body on the drug including absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion.

2 of 16

Duty

Each professional must ensure they fullfil their duties according to the approved standard of practice expected.

Accountable to

  • Criminal courts
  • Civil courts
  • NMC
  • Employer
  • University
3 of 16

controlled drugs

Controls the supply, sale and administration of strong drugs eg opiates

Hallucanagens

Amphetamines

4 of 16

antibiotics

A substance produced by or derived from a micro organism, that destroys or inhibits the growth of other microorganisms. Used to treat infection that are caused by organisms that are sensitive to them eg urinary tract infection.

5 of 16

other types of drug

antiemetic - anti nausea

antipyretic - lowers temperature

6 of 16

6 r's

  • Right patient
  • Right drug and expiry date
  • Right dose
  • Right time
  • Right route
  • Right prescription
7 of 16

ACTS

  • Medicines act 1968
  • Misuse of drugs act 1971

Both control the supply storage and administration of drugs.

8 of 16

Pharmacodinamics

Concerned with the study of the effects of the drugs on the body including effective doses and responses.

9 of 16

Side effects

A side effect is the unwanted effects of a drug which is known about and cannot be seperated from the main action of the drug eg nausea vomiting etc.

10 of 16

Contra indications

In some situations the drug should not be given if the client is taking another drug as they may have contra indications. A reaction between two drugs which causes unwanted side effects eg Ibuprofen and gastro bleeding.

11 of 16

Adverse drug reaction

An unusual unwanted or unexpected reaction to the drug eg anaphlacsis. Reported by the yellow card system (found in the BNF)

12 of 16

Generic and proprietary names

  • Proprietary name of drug is manufacturers trademark and must start with a capital letter eg Felendil
  • Generic name of drug is the actual name of the drug must be written in lowercase eg paracetemol.
  • DOH 1999 recomended drugs be prescribed by their generic name.
13 of 16

polypharmacy

DOH 2001 describe polypharmacy as being prescribed four or more drugs. this is therefore associated with more adverse drug reactions eg most likely in the elderly.

14 of 16

A prescription must be

  • Signed
  • Accurate
  • Appropriate
  • Legible
  • In date
15 of 16

Medicine act categories

  • Pharmacy only
  • General sales list (can be sold anywhere)
  • Prescription only (pom) - Available only on practitioners prescription.
16 of 16

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Health & Social Care resources:

See all Health & Social Care resources »See all resources »