Stalin's Russia: Personalities and Powerbases

Edexcel AS history Stalin's Russia 

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  • Created by: Vicky
  • Created on: 05-04-13 13:40


  • Revolutionary record:Committee member, carried out orders, didnt give them
  • Relationship with Lenin: Lenin relied on Stalin's admin ability and loyalty. when Lenin fell ill, Stalin was critical.
  • Lenin's Testament: Highly criticised "concentrated an enormous power in his hands" didn't always use it wisely.
  • Part appeal: Had the power to advance peoples careers. 
  • Party Powerbase: General Secretary, Head of Secretariat & Central Control Commission. 
  • Government powerbase: Sovnakom
  • 1. General Secretary Responsible for hiring and promoting party members The Lenin Enrolment 1923-25 Stalin increased Party size, Trotsky's influence decreased GS - allowed Stalin to manipulate who attended Party Congresses. He appointed a number of delegates = influence over Central Committee
  • 2. Head of Central Control Commission-Power to sack Party members
  • 3. Head of Workers' and Peasants' InspectoratePower to sack Party members
  • 4. Commissar for Nationalities - Oversaw affairs of non-Russians in the USSRCommunicated with senior officials in the USSR
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  • Revolutionary record: Lead figure in St Petersburg, ovember 1905 ; 1917, his reputation won support; He organised the Communist seizure of power
  • Relationship with Lenin: Turbulent early on; Returned to Russia in 1917: worked closely with Lenin; Acted as Lenin's principle Lieutenant
  • Lenin's Testament: "most able man in the present Central Committee" however too much self confidence
  • Party appeal: many enemies due to not being a 'typical' communist;had the support of many young communists, students + loyalty of Red Army; joined the party late -weakness
  • Party Powerbase: Politburo 
  • Government Powerbase: Head of Red Army, Sovnakom
  • 1.He didn't have the authority to give orders to the army without the permission/agreement of the Politburo.
  • 2.His position as head of the RA earned him the respect of young party members
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  • Revolutionary record:Leading light in Moscow Communist Party, 1917; post October revolution, his radicalism inspired compatriots to seize power in Moscow; made publications forPravda during civil-war; encorages German communists to rise up in Germany.
  • Relationship with Lenin: Admired him; following revolution he headed first communist opposition group. End of civil War embraced Lenin's NEP.
  • Lenin's testament: Favourite of the party; most able force amongst the youngest; theoretical views on marxism were doubtful.
  • Party appeal: 1921, foreign visitor to Moscow claimed he was eventual successor of Lenin. 
  • Party Powerbase: Politburo; Party theorist; editor of newspapers Pravda & Communist
  • Government powerbase: none.
  • 1. Candidate member of Politburo so had no vote.  
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  • Revolutionary record: October, 1917 opposed planned coup; during Civil War stayed at Petrograd's most Luxurious hotel, far from the fighting. 
  • Relationship with Lenin: With Lenin during exile; Returned with Lenin, April 1917, went into hiding together mid-1917: One of Lenin's closest friends; However he disagreed imminent Communist siezure of power & felt power should be shared with other socialist parties.
  • Lenin's testament: Disloyal; Lack of vision; "October episode of Zinoviev & Kamenev wasn't accidental"
  • Party appeal: Least appealing, good speaker when crowd agreed. Disliked for political failings
  • Party powerbase: Politburo; Head of Comintern & Petrograd & Moscow branches of party.
  • Government powerbase: None, didnt serve on the Sovnakom.
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  • Revolutionary record: Caution rather than revolutionary passion.
  • Relationship with Lenin: Closest friend after Zinoviev.
  • Lenin's testament:  Disloyal; Lack of vision; "October episode of Zinoviev & Kamenev wasn't accidental"
  • Party appeal: Little personal ambition; reputation for compramise
  • Party powerbase: Chairman of Central Committee; Head of Petrograd and Moscow local branches 
  • Government powerbase: Chairman of Sovnakom - acting head of soviet government
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