Perpetie, Schoenberg- Edexcel Music

Flash cards on the expressionism piece 'Perpetie' by Schoenberg. Covers tempo, Rhythm and meter, structure, instruments, Melody, texture, harmony and tonailty, and dynamics.

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  • Created by: Poppy M
  • Created on: 08-05-11 18:11

Melody

  • Short, distinct motifs
  • KLANGFARBENMELODIE, changing tone colour melody
  • Fragmentation of melody rather than melodic lines
  • Hexachords
  • Hauptstimme, the main melodic idea
  • Imitation
  • Melodic inversion
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Texture

  • Full, thick texture for first 2 notes
  • Brass dominate texture until bar 8
  • Principal melody is passed around instrumental groups.
  • Homophonic bursts
  • Thins out after dramatic hexachord
  • Polyphonic texture (bars 18-34)
  • Sparse (bars 44-58)
  • Full orchestra for final climatic chord
  • Some complex contraputal textures 
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Harmony and Tonality

  • Atonal
  • Use of hexachords
  • Dissonance
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Dynamics

  • Extreme
  • Contrasting
  • Mutes used to create tone colour
  • Section B, principal and secondary parts always f-fff
  • Range from fff-pp
  • Many crescendos and diminuendos
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Tempo

  • Expressive use of tempo
  • Used to mark different sections of the piece
  • Slow down in Section A, return to original tempo at bar 18
  • Seems much faster
  • Bars 44-58, tempo alternates between Ruhiger (calmer) and Heftig (passionate)
  • Very fast
  • 100/108
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Rhythm and Metre

  • Opening uses mainly short triplet and 6let bursts
  • Use of rubato (clarinets bar 10'2)
  • Bars 59-66, some rthymic motifs from opening bars return
  • Syncopation
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Structure

  • Free Rondo
  • ABACA
  • But not really conforming to the structure
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Instruments

  • Large post romantic orchestra
  • Quadrupal woodwind, large brass, percussion and strings
  • Play in upper extreme ranges
  • Rapid contract of timbre
  • Alternation of instrumental colour
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Comments

Maddy

Thankyou:) this is really useful in chunks **

jess

Thank you so much this has fixed my life!!! **

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