Peripetie

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  • Created by: Viv Leong
  • Created on: 21-04-14 10:27

General features of Expressionism

  • atonal - all 12 semitones have equal importance
  • generally expresses just one intense emotion
  • uses full pitch range of instruments (instruments sound different at the extreme ends of their instruments)
  • timbre as important as melody
  • extremes of dynamics common
  • generally quite short
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Melody

  • spiky/angular
  • unpredictable
  • bounces frequently from one instrument to another
  • urgent - new aspects appeare on top of each other
  • use of klangfarbenmelodie (timbre contributes to the melody, not just pitch and rhythm)
  • instruments playing main melodic ideas indicated by
    • hauptstimme - principal voice
    • nebenstimme - secondary voiced
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Harmony/tonality

  • atonal
  • no cadences
  • clashing and dissonant harmonies
  • no nice triads - very chromatic
  • based on hexachords (six notes of the scale) and compliments (the six semitones not used in the first hexachord)
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Rhythm/metre

  • unpredictable
  • no clear metre (begins 3/4, becomes 4/4, etc.)
  • irregular
  • very complex
  • syncopated
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Texture

  • varies throughout
  • some homophony and polyphony
  • complex textures built up through the use of imitation and inversion
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Tempo

  • some variation
  • begins sehr rasch - very fast
  • becomes etwas ruhiger (somewhat calmer), heftig (passionate) and ruhiger (calm)
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Dynamics

  • lots and lots of contrasts (e.g. fff to p in the space of a quaver)
  • wide range (from fff to pp)
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Structure

  • follows a sort of rondo (free rondo)
  • A-B-A1-C-A2
  • not very recognisable as a rondo
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