People in History

Remember and revise the people important in history, 1350-now!

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Clinical Observation - 1. diagnosis

2. prognosis

3. observation

4. treatment

Theory of the Four Humours- if you became ill it was because there was too many of one humour, to cure let the disease run its course or simple solutions eg diet, exercise and herbal remidies. If this does not work try much stronger remedies eg, purging, blistering or bloodletting.

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Claudius Galen

Wrote over 350 texts outlining medical ideas and treatments.

Books are basis of teaching and learning for the next 1500 years.

believed Hippocrates idea of the four humours.

came up with the idea of opposites and linked it to characteristics.

studied the anatomy, done on animals.

believed strongly in bloodletting.

whole body design.

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Lady Grace Mildmay

Herbal Remidies!

She is famous because of the scale of her efforts and because her papers have survived.

The medical papers she left were written for her own use, and for family and friends.

They were not just collections of recipes for medicines, but described the causes of diseases and gave medical instructions.

Her advice and her medicines were free of charge, and she became renowned for her charity.

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Andreas Vesalius

studied anatomy.

dissected a human body he'd stolen from a gibbit.

published his ideas in books and large sheets of anatomical drawing, well known because of printing press. difficult to argue against, although some didnt believe.

comes from medical background.

studied and worked and taught in padua.

challenged church on anatomy and dissection; dissected in public.

challenged and corrected galens ideas.

showed how muscles moved the bones

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William Harvey

doctor in London and Padua.

dissected animals and humans, learnt about the heart and how blood pumped round the body. ANATOMY

passed liquids through veins to prove it moved in a one way system.

measured blood by each heart blood and calculated how much blood the body had.

proved galen wrong.

his published book on heart and blood was widely read.

began physiology and improved surgery.

had no evidence

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Amboise Pare

army surgion in France.

carried out experiments.

wrote book on the treatment of wounds

became famous surgeon.

educated others and disproved old ideas

found gentler ways of sealing wounds, new and humane. but threads became infected with germs.

hard to persuade others.

son of barber surgeon

tested theories and made them puplically known

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