people and the planet

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key definitions

BIRTH RATE- average number of babies born every year in every 1000 people of the total population

DEATH RATE- average number of deaths every year in every 1000 people of the total population

natural increase or natural decrease- difference between the birth and the death rate

infant mortality-the number of children out of 1000 people that die before reaching the age of 1

life expectancy- average number of years a person is expected to live

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why are we seeing the world population growth rate

-improvements in family planning, basic education, improved female literacy have all led to a reduction in family size

-one child policy in china- china counters for 20% of the worlds population

-diseases e,g aids and malaria which reduces life expectancies e.g in africa which has the highest birth rate

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population pyramids

A TRIANGLE- shows ledc india, has a high death rate, high birth rate, low life expectancy

medc-uk barrell shape,low death rate, low birth rate, longer life expectancy

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what are the problems of a youthful population

PRESSURE ON HOUSING-not enough housing so many people live in slums, very common in places such as new deli. Issues with slums and shanti houses are; no running water, sewage systems and roads

PRESSURE ON SCHOOLING- more schools will have to be built so taxes will have to be raised

PRESSURE ON FOOD SUPPLIES- especially if there is a natural disaster e.g droughts

-pressure on health services- due too more people meaning more diseases

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whats the issue with an ageing population


-provide more health care e.g retiremet homes, undertakers, hospital beds, skilled workers e.g nurses

-causes economically active part of the population more pressure as they are having to pay more for tax

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how is the uk trying to do strategies to support a

HOUSING -build more homes for an ageing population which support independent living

PENSION- people need to contribute more to their pension before they retire - people need to save more money whilst at a working age- companies more flexible with pensions

HEALTH CARE-goverment encouraging people to live a more healthies lifestyle to reduce NHS pressures- develop new technology monitors in home to manage risks of independent living-measuring blood pressure and pulse themselves hen texting results via phone to doctors

-improve public transport to support an ageing population

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anti natalist china

China encourage the 'one child policy' due to its growing birth rate. Heres how they did it

-longer maternity leave -cash bonuses -better child care -incencetives for having just one child -easy access to contreception - -young people delaying marriage - presure for abortion for unauthorised pregnancies fored sterelisation to couples who have more than one child

IT HAS BEEN SUCCESSFUL, JUST NOT IN RURAL AREAS due too it not being as forceful


-lots of single spoilt boys, lots of olde people who will put pressure on these children when they become economically active -not enough workers for its increasing developed country


-too many people putting pressure on food, housing and jobs, poor education and health care

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pro natalist signapore

encouraged 3 or more children to help the population grow to support a ageing population


-cheap nurseries - acess to best schools -incentitives for having 2 children - counselling to discourage abortions -encourage immigration of child baring age

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how can population change

-immigrattion -emigration

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migration policies

open door- allowing anyone to come into that country

quotats- limiting amount of people that come in each year

skills test- migrants are tested to see how skilled they are and how qualified

EU MEMBERSHIPS- ALLOWS all people who are part of the EU to migrate to another EU country

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why encourage immigration

-helps address under population and jobs which most people within the country do not want to do

-pay tax - add to talent and culture

TENSIONS -pressure on housing, health care and jobs  discrimintation as people beieve they take adv of benefits -

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