Peace and Justice

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  • Created by: Sasha
  • Created on: 08-04-13 11:47

Just war theory

A war is fair ( and justifiable) if it meets the criteria of the Just War theory. 

Criteria are : 

  • Proper authority 
  • Good reason (eg. protection of rights )
  • Has a intention of achieving peace 
  • Last resort
  • Civilian deaths are avoided 
  • Proportionality ( only the necessary amount of force is used to win the war - force must not be excessive)
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"But let justice roll on like a river , righteous like a never ending stream." links to justice

"An eye for an eye a tooth for a tooth " links to JWT: Proportionality (only the necessary amount of force is used too win the war - force must not be excessive)

"Forgive us our sins as we forgive those who sin against us" links to forgiveness 

Basic idea - God created everyone and so all life is sacred and should be cherished " God made man in his own image" links to Just War theory - civillian deaths avoided 

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Crime and Punishment

Purposes of punishment 

Protection:people are removed from society in order to maintain the safety of others.

Deterrence:the punishment for a crime is so severe that people are scared to commit the crime e.g:having your hand cut off for stealing 

Retribution:a person wishes to harm/inconvenience a criminal because the criminal has hurt them (also called revenge) 

Reformation:the punishment should allow the crimina the oportunity to become a better person eg:coounselling 

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Quakers    believe that war and conflict are against God's wishes and so they are detected to pacifism and non-violence. And from a practical point of view they think that force nearly always creates more problems than it solves. 

" We utterly deny all outward wars and strife and fighting with outward weapons , for any end or under any pretence whatsoever , and this is our testomony to the world." (Quaker statement to King Charles II , 1660)

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Pacifism : The belief that all violence and agressive behaviour is unacceptable (negotiations are the way to achieve peace ) way e.g: a streacher -bearer 

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