Just war theory
A war is fair ( and justifiable) if it meets the criteria of the Just War theory.
Criteria are :
- Proper authority
- Good reason (eg. protection of rights )
- Has a intention of achieving peace
- Last resort
- Civilian deaths are avoided
- Proportionality ( only the necessary amount of force is used to win the war - force must not be excessive)
"But let justice roll on like a river , righteous like a never ending stream." links to justice
"An eye for an eye a tooth for a tooth " links to JWT: Proportionality (only the necessary amount of force is used too win the war - force must not be excessive)
"Forgive us our sins as we forgive those who sin against us" links to forgiveness
Basic idea - God created everyone and so all life is sacred and should be cherished " God made man in his own image" links to Just War theory - civillian deaths avoided
Crime and Punishment
Purposes of punishment
Protection:people are removed from society in order to maintain the safety of others.
Deterrence:the punishment for a crime is so severe that people are scared to commit the crime e.g:having your hand cut off for stealing
Retribution:a person wishes to harm/inconvenience a criminal because the criminal has hurt them (also called revenge)
Reformation:the punishment should allow the crimina the oportunity to become a better person eg:coounselling
Quakers believe that war and conflict are against God's wishes and so they are detected to pacifism and non-violence. And from a practical point of view they think that force nearly always creates more problems than it solves.
" We utterly deny all outward wars and strife and fighting with outward weapons , for any end or under any pretence whatsoever , and this is our testomony to the world." (Quaker statement to King Charles II , 1660)
Pacifism : The belief that all violence and agressive behaviour is unacceptable (negotiations are the way to achieve peace ) way e.g: a streacher -bearer