P.E Short Course Revision

Contence of my P.E theory book.

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Reasons For taking Part In Physical Activity

-Family Activity

-To Compete

-Hobby

-To Help Others

-For A Healthy Lifestyle

-Support A Friend Or Family Member

-Relax

-For Fun

-Learning

-For School

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Influences

People/Image

Famous people / sporting ledgends often inspire us to take part, buy sport equitment e.c.t. friends and family influence us also, somtimes going to the gym or jogging with a friend or family member will encourage you.

Cultural Influences

Age can influence you for instance sadly there may be ristrictions or you can join but you train with people of a higher level. Thankfully schools encourage you.

Health and Well-being

Often disabilities can stop you playing certain sports, charities provide equitment for people to take part, for example artificial limbs ect. There are also many different adaptions of sport disabled people can play.

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Influences

Resoures

Most people dont live near a sports centre or a swimming pool but you can still buy equitment and play at the local palk or field. Other issues are many clubs are full and others cant get transport. Others are resricted to men or women only when despite your gender you could contribute.

Socio-Economic

this can influence sport because if you live in a certian area and nobody nearby does sport you wouldnt want to take part. And if teres a popular sport being taught near by your more likley to take part.

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Definitions

Health

A general wellbeing on mental, social and physical health not merely the absence of diesise and infirmity.

Fitness

The ability to meet the demands of the enviroment.

Exersize

The participation of a activity that is done to maintain or sustain physical health

Preformance

The abilty to compete to the best of your ability.

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Skill Related Fitness

Speed   -Raler jump

Balence  -Gymnastics  -Standing stork test

Reaction Time  -Sprinting   -30 metre sprint

Coordination  -Hockey  -3 ball juggle

Power  -Sergant jump

Agility  -Illnois agility run  -Football

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Health Related Fitness

Cardovascular  -Running  -Copper 12 min walk/run

Muscular Strength  -Weights   -Hard Grip Stregth Test

Flexibility  -Gymnastics   -Sit and Reach

Muscular Endurence  -Rugby   -Headmill test

Fitness  -Body Compisition

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Sport participation pyramid

Elite - Olympic, Paralympic and commonwealth games, worl, european, and commonwealth championships and international competitions.

Preformance - Local and regional coaching and training, local and regional competitions sports clubs and interclub leagues.

Participation - Sports, clubs and leasure centres.

Foundations - PE and recreational parts.

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Qualification Content

-Plan and present examples from 'typical' exersize sessions to match the fitness requirements of selected individuals.

-Understand the exercise session and the purpose of each component (warm up, main activity, cool down)

-Explain the use of the principles of training within an exercise programme, showing how they may be applied in planning to improve health related exercise and skill related fitnes as part of a healthy lifestyle

-Link methods of training to aerobic and anaerobic activity

-Understand what is meant by resting heart rate, working heart rate and recovery rates, plot examples on a graph and evaluate results

-Use graphs to demonstrate and explain the use of target zones and training thresholds.

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Health and Wellbeing

-Understand the link between exercise, diet, work and rest, and thier influcence on personal health and wellbeing.

-Explain the requirements of a balenced diet.

-Explain the importance and use of marco nutrients (carbohydrates, fats and protien) micro nutrients (minerals and vitamins) water and fibre for personal health and well being and maintaining a healthy active lifestyle.

-Explain the need to consider the timing of dietary intake when performing due to the redistribution of blood flow (blood shunting) during exercise.

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