Health related components of fitness
- Cadiovascular Edurance - the efficiency of the heart, lungs, and blood transprt systems in maintaining the aerobic work which is involved in longer endurance activities.
- Flexibility - the range of movement at a joint.
- Body composition - How the body is made up. % of fat, bone, and muscle.
- Muscular strength - the ability to lift a maximum weight in one attempt.
- Muscular endurance - your ability to use the same group of muscles for a period of time without tiring.
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Skill related components of fitness
- Agility - the ability to change direction quickly whilst still keeping control of the whole body.
- Balance - maintaining the equilibrium of your body. keeping the centre of gravity above its base of support.
- Speed - the ability to move all or part of the body as quickly as possible.
- Power - the ability to apply a combination of strength and speed in an action.
- Co-ordination - your ability to control and put together movements made by different parts of your body.
- Reaction time - the time it takes to respond to a stimulus and how quickly the movement is completed.
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Health and fitness
- Definition of health - a state of complete mental, physical and social well being, not simply the absense of disease or infimity.
- Definition of fitness - the ability to meet the demands of the environment.
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Types of training
- Circuit training - a workout with various stations that can either develop skill or fitness
- Fartlek training - swedish, meaning "speed play", the athlete constantly changes the speed that they are working at.
- Interval (short) - periods of work and rest up to 15 seconds
- Interval (long) - longer periods of work and rest. 15 seconds - 3 minutes
- Altitude training - training in altitude to benefit from less oxygen in the air to improve oxygen carrying ability.
- Coninuous training - training at the same pace for long persiods of time.
- Weight training - shifting weights to increase the strength of muscles.
- Plyometrics -bounding, jumping hopping. Emproving explosive strength.
- SAQ - speed, agility nd quickness - progressive exercises to improve the ability in the 3 areas.
- Mobility training - dynamic mobility exercise drillsm designed to warm up/stetch out/keep the body moving.
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Principles of Training
S - speed
P - progression
O - overload
R - reversibility
T - tedium
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F - frequency
I - intensity
T - time
T - type
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- Speed - 30m fying sprint/ 30m acceleration sprint test.
- Balance - Stork stand
- Reaction time - ruler drop test
- Power - Standing broad jump
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