'With oxygen'. If exercise is not too fast and is steady, the heart can supply all the oxygen muscles need.
To be able to see the beauty in a performance.
The ability to change position of the body quickly and to control the movement of the whole body.
Drugs that mimic the male sex hormone testosterone and promote bone and muscle growth.
'Without Oxygen'. If exercise is done in short, fast bursts, the heart cannot supply blood and oxygen to muscles as fast as the cells use them.
Pertaining to anorexia; a prolonged eating disorder due to loss of appetite.
The ability to retain the body's centre of mass over the base of support with reference to static (stationary) and dynamic (changing), conditions of movement, shape and orientation.
A diet which contains an optimal ratio of nutrients.
Drugs that are used to control the heart rate and have a relaxing/calming effect.
Blood pressure is the force exerted by the heart as it pumps blood out of the heart and into the arteries (systolic high pressure) and it is low when it relaxes between beats (diastolic)
the percentage of body weight which is fat, muscle and bone.
the amount of blood ejected from the heart in one minute.
the ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time.
cholesterol is a blood fat which the body needs in MODERATE amounts.
a set of 6-10 exercises performed at stations in an organised pattern. Each exercise is performed for a specified number of repetitions or for a prescribed time before moving on to the next exercise.
Cooper's run test
a test of cardiovascular fitness.
the ability to use two or more body parts together.
using more than one training method.
Drugs that elevate the rate of bodily urine excretion.
a somatotype, individuals with narrow shoulders and narrow hips characterised by thinness.
a somatotype, individuals with wide hips and narrow shoulders, characterised by fatness.
a type of peptide hormone that increases the red blood cell count.
a form of physical activity done to maintain or improve health and/or physical fitness.
this type of training allows an athlete to run at varying speeds, over unmeasured distances, or on different terrain. (fartlek is Swedish for speed play)
the ability to meet the demands of the environment.
Frequency, Intensity, Time Type. used to increase the amount of work the body does in order to achieve overload.
the range of movement possible at a joint.
a state of complete mental, physical and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.
Health related exercise
exercise which is undertaken primarily to improve health and fitness for life.
Healthy active lifestyle
a lifestyle that contributes positively to physical, mental and social wellbeing, and that includes regular physical activity.
the number of times the heart beats per minute.
a disease related to too little activity. (hypo means too little, kinetic means energy)
matching training to the requirements of an individual.
increase in the size of muscle.
muscle contraction which results in increased tension but the length does not alter, when pressing against a stationary object.
muscle contraction that results in limb movement.
a place where two or more bones meet.
a somatotype, individuals with wide shoulders and narrow hips, characterised by muscularity.
a tissue that joins bone to bone.
Methods of Training
interval training, continuous training, weight training, fartlek training, circuit training, cross training.
the ability to use voluntary muscles many times without getting tired.
muscles may be arranged in groups according to location and/or function e.g muscles of the leg.
the amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance.
drugs that can be used to reduce the feeling of pain.
a term to describe people who are very overfat.
best weight or desirable weight - the weight a performer performs best at.
a way of saying you have more body fat than you should have.
Fitness can only be improved through training more than you usually do.
Having weight in excess of normal (not harmful unless accompanied by overfatness)
the amount of oxygen consumed during recovery above which would would have ordinarily been consumed in the same time at rest (this results sin a shortfall in the oxygen available)
Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire
Personal Exercise Programme.
PE and School Sports Club Links.
how well a task is completed.
any form of exercise or movement; physical activity may be planned and structured or unplanned and unstructured. (in PE we are concerned with planned and structured such as a fitness class)
The ability to do strength performances quickly.
Power= Strength x Speed.
to gradually increase the amount of overload so that fitness gains occur.
the time between the presentation of a stimulus and the onset of movement.
the time required for the repair of damage to the body caused by training or competition.
restoring (an injury) to its normal, functioning state.
the period of time allotted to recovery.
training that uses a resistance or force against which specific muscle groups must work e.g weight training.
Any adaptation that takes place as a consequence of training will be reversed when you stop training.
Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation (a method of treating injuries)
a person you can aspire to be, to make you a better person. Often has qualities that we would like to have.
Respect for, or a favourable opinion of yourself.
Skill Related Fitness
Exercise which may be undertaken primarily to improve sporting ability.
Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time-Bound.
Socio economic status
may be based on a persons income, occupation, and occupation.
Classification of body type.
the differential rate at which an individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time.
Drugs that have an effect on the central nervous system, such as increased mental and/or physical alertness.
The volume of blood pumped out of the heart in a beat.
the range within which an individual needs to work for aerobic training to take place (60-80% of maximum heart rate)
a tissue that joins muscles to bone.
a well planned programme which uses scientific principles to improve performance, skill, game ability and motor and physical fitness.
the boundaries of the target zone.
weighing less than normal, healthy or required.