PE - Muscles (GCSE

Everything you need to know about muscles in edexcel physical education.

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  • Created by: panna
  • Created on: 21-05-11 09:38

Muscles

There are 3 different types of muscles...

1. Cardiac - heart

2. Involuntary - we don't have to make them work, they work altomatically.

3. Voluntary - attacted to the skeleton and are under your control.

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Muscles in your...

Arms...

  • Bicep and Tricep

Legs...

  • Quadricep and Hamstring
  • Gastrocnemius

Body core...

  • Trapezius
  • Deltoids
  • Pecorals
  • Abdominals
  • Latissmus Dorsi
  • Gluteus Maximus
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Muscles that work together...

There are 4 pairs of muscles in your body that work together...

1. Bicep and Tricep

2. Quadricep and Hamstring

3. Pectorals and Trapezius

4. Abdominals and Latissimus Dorsi

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Muscles working together...

Agonist = this is the prime mover in a movement. For example in a bicep curl, the bicep is the agonist on the way up and the tricep is the agonist on the way down.

Agonistic Muscles = these are skeletal muscles that work in pairs.

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Muscle Contractions

Isotonic Contractions = this is where one muscle works while the other relaxes, the muscle changes length so something moves.


Isometric Contractions = this is where the muscle contracts but stays in a fixed position, the muscle stays the same length and nothing moves, e.g. the Plank position.

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Muscular system..

Immedicate effects of exercise on the muscular system...

1. Extra waste products are created.

2. The bodys demand for oxygen and glycogen increases.

3. If your body cannot work anymore it will produce lactic acid or cause cramping.

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Muscular system...

Long-term effects of exercise on the muscular system...

1. Muscles grow in strength and size

2. Hypertrophy happens (increased muscle size)

3. All muscles benefit from exercise.

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Muscular system...

Potential injuries to the muscular system could be...

  • Strains
  • Tears
  • Pulls

Tendons = attatch muscles to two different bones.

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