Sprain = a damaged ligament. (ligament holds bones together)
- 3 different types - inversion, exversion and high ankle sprain.
Bruise = blood vessels burst under the skin and cause discolouration.
Strain = a damaged muscle or tear in the muscle, caused by overstretching.
Fractures = a break in the bone. There are many different types of fracture.
Closed Fracture = doesn't break the skin.
Compound Fracture = tears the skin and bone pokes out.
Greenstick Fracture = breaks part way across the bone.
Stress Fracture = small crack in bone caused by continuous stress (RSI)
Comminuted = broken in more than 2 places.
Oblique Fracture = breaks at an angle.
Impacted Fracture = bones lock together.
Transverse Fracture = break straight across.
Use the RICE method when treating injuries...
R - rest
I - ice
C - compression
E - elevation