Which of the following statements best describes a function of a ligament?
A. Provides movement for the joint
B. Providdes joint stability
C. Provides a point of muscle attachment to bones
D. Provides protection for the surface of the bone.
Name all the bones in the lower part of the body?
Answer: Patella,Tarsals, metatarsels, Phalanges
What type of synovial joint is the knee?
There can be very slight rotation or sideways movement at the knee joint. What stabilises the knee joint to prevent unwanted movement?
As well as slight rotation what are 2 types of movement possible at the knee?
Answer: Flexsion & Extension
Tendons are very important components of a join. what is their function?
Answers:To attach muscle to bone.
Pivot Ball and socket Radius adduction trapezius rotation extension Bicep Hinge scapula Thoracic vertebrae agonistic femur atlas and axis humerus Flexion Ulna clavicle
In a photo the swimimmers arm is bent at the elbow. The elbow is a _________ joint. The bones that form this joint are the ______,______ and _______.
The type of movement possible atthe elbow joint is _____ and _____ and the muscles which allow the muscle to bend and straighten in this way are the ______ and _______.
Answers: Hinge, Humerus, ulna, Radius, Flexion, extension, Bicep, Tricep
State two food groups that couls provide energy for a performer when working at a intensity.
Food group 1 : ______________
Food Group 2 : ______________
Answers: Carbohydrates & Fat
Answer:The action causing a limb to bend. Making an angle smaller
Answer: The movement of the body away from middle or the mid line of the body
Answer :This is the opposite of abduction and it the movement towards the mid line.
Answers: This is when the angle of the bones that are moving is increased e.g. when standing up from a stooped or squat position.
Answer: This is when the bone turns about its longitudinal axis within the joint
Name all the types of joints
Answer: Fibrous or fixed, slightly moveable, Synovial, Hinge, Pivot, Ellipsoid, Gliding, Saddle, Ball and Socket
What is a Cartilage?
Answer: This is a soft connective tissue
3 Types of Cartilage
Name the 3 Types of Cartilage
Answers: Yellow elastic Cartilage, Hyaline or Blue articular cartilage & White Fibro-cartilage
Name a 2 Problems associated with joints
Answer: Arthritis and Osteoporosis
What is a Yellow elastic Cartilage?
Answer: This is a flexible tissue e.g. part of the ear lobe.