PE- Components of Fitness and Skill Related Factors of Fitness

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  • Created by: china
  • Created on: 24-02-13 11:42

Strength

Strength

 THE ABILITY TO BEAR WEIGHT

Dynamic- support own body weight over a prolonged amount of time or able to apply force upon another object

Explosive- used in a short, sharp burst or movement

Static- strength applied to an immovable object

E.g

Rugby player uses

  • static strength to push against other pack in scrum
  • explosive strength to take a tap penalty and then sprint
  • dynamic strength is to last for the whole match
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Speed & Power & Cardiovascular Endurance

Speed

ABILITY TO MOVE ALL PARTS OF THE BODY AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE

(combination of reaction time and movement time)

Power

MAX SPEED + MAX STRENGTH


Cardiovascular Endurance

ABILITY OF THE HEART AND LUNGS TO OPERATE EFFICIENTLY DURING AN EVENT.


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Flexibility & Agility

Flexibility

THE RANGE OF MOVEMENT AROUND A JOINT

  • Makes a performance more effective and more efficient
  • Reduces the chance of injury
  • Improve body posture

Agility

COMBINATION OF FLEXIBILITY / ABILITY TO MOVE, QUICKLY, CHANGE DIRECTION AND SPEED.

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Balance

Balance

ABILITY TO MAINTAIN A GIVEN POSTURE IN STATIC AND DYNAMIC SITUATIONS

E.g.

  • Gymnastics performers will need to change balance positions throughtout  a performance.
  • Hockey player maintain balance whilst dribbling in order to change direction quickly
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Co-ordination

Co-ordination

ABILITY TO LINK ALL THE MOVEMENTS INTO ONE EFFIEICENT MOVEMENT

OR

ABILITY TO CONTROL THE BODY DURING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

E.g.

Synchronise the movement of the hands and eyes for movements such as:

  • catching a ball
  • using a hockey stick/ or some sort of racket

Extended to foot-eye co-ordination for football players

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Reaction Time

Reaction Time

TIME TAKEN FOR THE BODY TO RESPOND TO A STIMULUS

Simple Reaction Time

Where someone must react to something as it happens

E.g

A sprinter at the start of a race has to react to the sound of the gun going off in order to win the race

Choice Reaction Time

Where someone is able to size up the situation, deciding when to react

E.g.

A footballer has to decide the best time when to make a tackle

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Timing

Timing

ABILITY TO CONCIDE MOVEMENTS IN RELATION TO EXTERNAL FACTORS

(combines decision-making, reaction time and co-ordination to be able to perform some movement or action)

Making contact with any sort of ball or object requires good timing if the contact and end result are the best possible.

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Comments

Michelle SMith

Definition of components of fitness and skill related components of fitness, practical examples given 

Michelle SMith

Definition of components of fitness and skill related components of fitness, practical examples given 

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