CLASSICAL - learning through association
like when you teach a dog to do tricks you use a clicker when they have done it well, then the get a treat.
the dog associates the click with food
so the neautral stimulus - the clicker
is paired with the unconiditioned stimulus - the food
which then gives out a body response - saliver
the neutral stimulus triggers the body response because its associated with the food.
OPERANT - learning through reinforcement
its either being praised/reinforced or punished for doing something
if a child hit another child and they were praised/reinforced for doing it, they would most likely do it again, to get praised/reinforced again
however if a child is punished for hitting another child, they wont do it again because they dont like being punished