Party Systems

Brief revision cards about Single Party, Two Party, Dominant Party and Mult-Party systems for the OCR AS Government and Politics course.

Information taken fromn the OCR AS Government and Politics textbook written by Jonathan Sutherland and Diane Canwell.

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  • Created by: cg97
  • Created on: 08-09-13 11:46

Single Party System

This is where only one party puts up candidates for election.

--> Effectively, all other parties are banned and there is no opposition.

EXAMPLE: A single party system dominated Germany in the 1930s and 1940s.

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Two Party System

This has two major parties who each have a reasonable chance of gaining the majority seats in Parliament.

-->There may be other parties but they are unlikely to win any political power and may only seize a handful of seats.

EXAMPLE: It is argued that Britain, the US and countries such as New Zealand are typical examples of the system.

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Dominant Party System

There may be a large number of parties that contest for each for seat but in reality, only one party has reasonable prospects of gaining power.

EXAMPLE: Japan in the 1950s to 1990s when the Liberal Democrats kept returning to power time after time.

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Multi-Party System

Governments tend to be co-alitions of several parties because none has sufficient support to gain absolute power.

EXAMPLE: This system is particularly common in many European countries such as Italy and Belgium.

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