Parlimentry radicalism and constitutional royalism

constitutional 

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  • Created by: Ben
  • Created on: 12-05-12 11:43

Pym

  • emerged as a leading opposition in the long parliment and was linked wit the removal mand punsihment of Cs 'evil coucilers'-the pollitical settelment without the threat of being overturned by C and rthe removal of popert and the establishment of sdtrong proterstanstism (obssesed by the 'true relgion')
  • He didnt beguin as a radical and it was the LP and C threat of an army plot   

He was incolved in the {}impeachment of Went and Laud {}a working alliance with the covenanters for military potection of Parl {}use of parls finace to control c {}parliment transfer to itself some of the key perof powers of the crow

  • What drove pym most was his prot he hated absolutism and catholisism-was largly resonsibloe for the 8 september ordering of the destruction of alters rails and cruxafixes. Was also made more radical by the irish rebbelion
  •  Charles-belived proterstantism to be a desease-why they classed

Pym made sure that parl put financiel presurre on charles {}ionkly aklkoiwed him 2 years of T&P{}using comittees to shape policies of commons on a whole.

  • its no doubt pym was the most dangerous in that he was the visible face of opposition
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Root& Branch petition

  • Puritanism was the force behind thep petition
  • It was signed by 15,000 londoners and called for an end of episcopacy
  • The petition caused division and their was a disagreement of what this laudsim should be replaced with. {who was executed in 1645)
  • Parl could agree that bishops should no longer sit in the lords
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Significance of thegrand remonstance and the suupo

  • Pym intorduced the GR in 1641-it was a list of greivences-incluidoing that the king couldnt be trusted with raising an army to crush the IR. MODERATES-allarmed by the GR and belived it to be to radical.

The significance of the GR was that it was a {}direct attack on C {}showed the divison in parliment and was seen to {directly involve the people as a means of ecerting pressure on MPS

  • The significance of the bote shwed a divison between moderates and radicals 159-148
  • The question of who should be incharge of the army also caused division

Support for Charles

  • It caused further dissolvment of the unity of MPs started with the Bill of attainer which was regarded as dangerous. Moderates feared the radical movment of peeps such as pym and caused the forming of 'constitusional royalsim' support for monarch noit charles
  • This caused the froming of the royalsit parliment which led to the later causes of the civil war-an other side to figh 
  • The ten propoersition cemented the radicalness of parliemt.
  • It was also evident in  scotland were they though the radicals in the covenant allianc had gone to far too fast. Some Scot nobels wanted to defend the king. This remved Ps scottish army 
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Irish rebbelion

  • Wntworth had been sucesful in alienating the various gruops in Irl 
  • When Went returned to england caths were prompted to act. the removal of his harshauhority offered the oppertunity of a preemtive strike. 
  • it was a biliard ball in making english pollitics more radical
  • Perceptions of the irish rebelion were more important politically than actually. Fwar of catholism and rthe imminent invasion of the forces of the cath armies which was highterned by the images iof massacre, rumors that they had entered cengland and the popish plot. 
  • They belived thar 40,000 prots had been killed when its said it was between 3-12,000 
  • It radicalised politics becausethe anti-cath of most in egnland-people like pym made them fear cath invation and determined to avenge the proterstats killeed. 'pym was obseesed with irland
  • The IR supported the speculation that wentworth and charles were ahere attempting yto taise an army from iland and bring it to enmgland to use against oppostiiton. 
  • It was also important as it raised the question of weather Charles should be trusted with being in charge of the army sewnt to irland as he was an arminiam. This again caused division 
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The militia bill and five birds and leaving london

  • before the MB pym had introduced a 'additional instruction' that if parliment was going to raise an army to subduie IRL. Charles should onlt appoint coucillers who were p arroved. 
  • Pym only one by 151 to 110. The militia billo removed the kings power over the trained bands completly and give parl power over army commanders
  • The intence diviuon grew with the GR nad now radical Miliati. However instead of  waiting for more support he took action agains tmaion opposition attempting to impeach the five birds Hampden.
  • After they refused to listertn to C he took and army of 100 solfers to arrest them
  • This was a mistake. Pym used it as proof that C couldnt be nogotiated with as he was a danger to the people
  • It led to populat demonstrations and this led to him becoming scared and fleeing tp york for safty.
  • This in effect gave parliment control of lonfon and caused a phycsical divison.
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Further divison

  • After the coup Parliment were more powerful and pushed for the {}removal od 'evil councillers'{}parlimentry approvel of the commander of the milita,fortsd and trhe tower {}and the Exlusioon Bill which stopd bishops from sitting in house of lords
  • Popular support for this plan was promising and the removel of bishops got 30,000 signiture. 
  • Popilar demonstration in london led to an exepance of this bill
  • In febuary 42 the Militia bill was finally p[aseed without the permission of C
  • They took further military power in the lkiliria ordinance-
  • Charles own actions afain in his attempt to seize military goods from the arsenal in hull clearly opposed the ideas of constitusounal royalism
  • The main issue for court after C fled was weather to allow the militia ordinanc
  • On the basic of theese messures they both prepared for civil war
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Comments

Lyle Robinson

Atrocious spelling and shoddy attention to detail ruins an otherwise solid set of revision cards.

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