Pain relief in labour

different types of pain relief and there advantages and disadvantages

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EPIDURAL

An epidural is an injection given in the lower spine.

It works by blocking the nerves which send the painfull sensations to the brain.

Advantages: Works quickly

blocks out pain

Disadvantages: Only available in hospitals

mother doesnt get urge to push

can increase time of labour

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PETHIDINE

It is an injection put deep into the muscle in the leg or bum and it helps relieve pain

advantages: relieves pain

disadvantages: causes drowsiness of baby

takes 20 mins to work

mother has lack of controll

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GAS AND AIR

Offered when contractions get really strong. It is a mixture of oxygen and nitrous oxide (entonox).

Its inhaled through a mouthpiece or mask.

advantages: controlled by women

Isnt harmful to baby

disadvantages: the effect wears off quickly

mother may feel sick

pain isnt removed completley

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OTHER KINDS...

BREATHING EXCERCISES

ACUPUNTURE

MASSAGE

REFLEXOLOGY

disadvatages: not as effective

info and training needed

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TENS MACHINE

four flat pads containing electrodes which are attached to mothers back.

When mother feels pain she has a hand held controller which sends electrical impulses to her back.

advantages: block pain

has no side affects

disadvantages: only available at hospital

mother cant bath or shower with it on

 

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