An epidural is an injection given in the lower spine.
It works by blocking the nerves which send the painfull sensations to the brain.
Advantages: Works quickly
blocks out pain
Disadvantages: Only available in hospitals
mother doesnt get urge to push
can increase time of labour
It is an injection put deep into the muscle in the leg or bum and it helps relieve pain
advantages: relieves pain
disadvantages: causes drowsiness of baby
takes 20 mins to work
mother has lack of controll
GAS AND AIR
Offered when contractions get really strong. It is a mixture of oxygen and nitrous oxide (entonox).
Its inhaled through a mouthpiece or mask.
advantages: controlled by women
Isnt harmful to baby
disadvantages: the effect wears off quickly
mother may feel sick
pain isnt removed completley
disadvatages: not as effective
info and training needed
four flat pads containing electrodes which are attached to mothers back.
When mother feels pain she has a hand held controller which sends electrical impulses to her back.
advantages: block pain
has no side affects
disadvantages: only available at hospital
mother cant bath or shower with it on