Overview of Consolidation of Power
How did the Nazis consolidate their power?
- Little violence used before March 1933 elections.
- Mobilising hundreds of thousands of men to their regime (Hitler Youth, armed forces etc) was due to succes in building upon mainstream social values.
- In the early 1930s, Nazis were committed to obtaining power through legal means.
- Death of Hindenburg placed Hitler immediately into power.
- April Boycott of Jewish Shops.
- The ARMY - Hitler presented his plans for rearmament and promised not to undermine the role of the army.
- Businessmen - secured donations of 3 million Reichmarks. They were assured with an anti-communist Government. Hitler stopped attacks on large capitalist enterprises to secure the deal.
- Propaganda - Hitler and Gobbels extended control over media to present the party in the best way possible. Reich Ministry of popular enlightenment. Radio broadcastling, the press etc.
* * *
1 of 2
- Struggle, violence and war were at the centre of Nazi ideology.
- The SA had been engaged in a campaigning of politically motivated street fighting.
- Thousands of opponents to the Nazis had been rounded up and taken to make-shift concentration camps.
- Reichstag Fire - Dutch communist Van der Lubbe was arrested. Nazis took advantage of the situation by immediately imposing the Decree for the protection of the people and the state (Emergency Decree).
- Night of the Long Knives - ruthless purge of SA leadership. Their ambitions were seen as a serious risk to the army. Hitler had to keep the army on side. The SA had been stopping army convoys, confiscating weapons etc.
2 of 2