What are the signs/symptoms of Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis has many symptoms that can be quite difficult to live with. These include:
- Inflamed and swollen joints
- Hard swellings (bone spurs)
- Soft swellings (extra fluid)
- Creaking, grating joints
What causes Osteoarthritis?
There are many factors that can increase the risk of Osteoarthritis. These include:
- Being 40+
- Gender - more prominent in women
- Being overweight
- Joint injuries
- Joint abnormalities
- Joint diseases
How does Osteoarthritis progress?
Osteoarthritis affects people in different ways, progressing over varying periods of time. This can include:
- Usually develops over many years causing small changes to a joint
- Can develop quickly over a year causing damage to joints, such as deformity
- After a few years, symptoms remain the same/get easier
How is Osteoarthritis diagnosed?
Your doctor may examine the joint and check for:
- Joint tenderness
- Creaking and grating
- Bone spurs
- Excess fluid
- Restricted movement in the joint
- Thinning of muscles supporting the joint
- Most useful test for diagnosing osteoarthritis, but not always needed
- Don't show how much pain and disability you may have
- Show bone spurs and narrowing between bones
What aids/adaptations will they need?
- Walking stick
- Pick up aids
- Velcro fastening/zip pullers
- Hand rail/toilet raisers
- Wheel chairs
- Stair lifts
- Kettle tippers
- Plate guards
- Wheelchair ramp