free school meals act
Free school meals - 1906
local councils were given the power to provide free school meals to children from very poor families. By 1914 over 158,000 children were having free school meals.
school medical inspections act
School medical inspections - 1907
Doctors and nurses gave children cumpolsary medical checks and recommended any treatment needed. Although the checks were free, until the school clinics act in 1912, parents had to pay for any necessary treatment.
the children's act
The children's act - 1908
(also known as the children's charter)
-children became 'protected persons' and their parents could be prosecuted for cruelty against them
-poor law authorities visited and supervised children who had suffered cruelty or neglect
-children's homes had to be registered and inspected
-children under the age of 14 could not be sent to adult prisons. juvenile courts were set up.
-children under 14 were not allowed into pubs
-shopkeepers could not sell cigarettes to children under 16
the pensions act
The pensions act - 1908
The promise to introduce pensions was made in 1908 and became law the following year. It gave weekly pensions from government funds to the elderly. It was given to people over 70 years old. A single peron received 5s a week while a couple received 7s 6d.
the labour exchange act
The labour exchange act - 1909
A string of state labour exchanges were set up so that unemployed workers could go to labour exchanges to find work rather than going to workplaces to look for work. It was more efficient for workers and employers.
the national insurance act part 1
The national insurance act, part 1 - 1911
This aimed to prevent povery through illness:
- all manual workers and people in low paid white-collar jobs had to join
- they paid 6d for insurance stamps
- employers contributed 3d for each worker
-the government conrtibuted 2d for each worker
-if they fell ill they received sick pay of 10s a week for 13 weeks then 5s for a further 13 weeks
- workers in the scheme could get free medical treatment and maternity care
At first around 10 million men and 4 million women were part of the national insurance scheme.
the national insurance act part 2
The national insurance act, part 2 - 1912
This aimed to prevent poverty through seasonal unemployment:
-open to people who worked in trades like shipbuilding or engineering where there was a lot of seasonal unemployment.
-workers, employers and the government paid 2d a week for every worker.
-they could be payed 7s 6d a week for 15 weeks in a year when unemployed.
school clinics act
School clinics - 1912
School clinics set up to provide free medical treatment for children as not all parents could afford the treatment doctors wanted to give their children after discovering something during their medical inspection.