Samuel and Bryant (3)
Aim: The aim of Samuel and Bryant's study was to challenge Piaget's findings by altering the method that Piaget used.
M&P: The participants were 252 boys and girls aged between 5 and 8.5 years old from schools and playgroups in and around Devon.
IV1: 4 age groups of 63 children; mean ages of 5,6,7,8 years and 3 months. IV2: Each group was divided into 3 subgroups which underwent a different task. There were 3 conditions (Standard;One judgement;Fixed array(control)).
1. Standard: Traditonal 2 question conservation task as carried out by Piaget. The child's asked about the size of the object before and after the shape was changed. 2. One judgement: This is a conservation task like the original but this time with only one question asked; 'the post-transformation question'. The child is only asked once about the size of the object and this is after the transformation has taken place. 3. Fixed array (Control): The child saw no transformation being made and only saw the post-transformation display. The child only saw the objects after they'd been changed and not before. The purpose of this 3rd question was to check that children who answered the post-transformation question correctly in the other 2 conditions did so by bringing over information from the pre-transformation display.