M&P (Cont.): The victim always stood next to a pole in the centre of the critical area. As the train passed the first station (approx 70 secs after departing), the victim staggered forward and collapsed If he received no help by the time the train slowed to a stop, the model helped him to his feet. At the stop, the team got off and waited separately until other passengers had left the station before proceeding to another platform to board a train going in the opposite direction for the next trial. Six to eight trials were run on any given day and all trials on a given day were in the same ‘victim condition’. The four victims (one from each team) were males, aged between 26-35, three white, one black, all identically dressed. On 38 trials the victims smelled of alcohol and carried a bottle wrapped tightly in a brown bag (drunk condition). On the remaining 65 trials they appeared sober and carried a black cane (cane condition). Four white males (aged 24-29) played the role of model in each team. Victims: There were four different model conditions used across both drunk and cane victim conditions: Critical area - early: model stood in critical area and waited until passing the fourth station before assisting the victim (approx 70 secs after the collapse). Critical area - late: model stood in critical area and waited until passing the sixth station before assisting the victim (approx 150 secs after the collapse). Adjacent area - early: model stood in middle of the compartment, adjacent to critical area and waited until passing the fourth station.Adjacent area - late: model stood in adjacent area and waited until passing the sixth station. On each trial one observer noted the race, sex and location of every passenger, seated or standing, in the critical area, together with the total number of passengers and the total number who came to the victim’s assistance, plus their race, sex and location. A second observer in the adjacent area did the same and both observers recorded comments spontaneously made by nearby passengers and also tried to elicit comments from a passenger sitting next to them.