OCR AS Psychology: Core Studies - Piliavin (3)

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  • Created by: Majid
  • Created on: 21-03-13 14:37

Piliavin (3)

M&P (Cont.): The victim always stood next to a pole in the centre of the critical area. As the train passed the first station (approx 70 secs after depart­ing), the victim staggered forward and collapsed If he received no help by the time the train slowed to a stop, the model helped him to his feet. At the stop, the team got off and waited separately until other pas­sengers had left the station before proceeding to another platform to board a train going in the opposite direction for the next trial. Six to eight trials were run on any given day and all trials on a given day were in the same ‘victim condition’. The four victims (one from each team) were males, aged between 26-35, three white, one black, all identically dressed. On 38 trials the victims smelled of alcohol and car­ried a bottle wrapped tightly in a brown bag (drunk condition). On the remaining 65 trials they appeared sober and carried a black cane (cane condition). Four white males (aged 24-29) played the role of model in each team. Victims: There were four different model conditions used across both drunk and cane victim conditions: Critical area - early: model stood in critical area and waited until passing the fourth station before assisting the victim (approx 70 secs after the collapse). Critical area - late: model stood in critical area and waited until passing the sixth station before assisting the victim (approx 150 secs after the collapse). Adjacent area - early: model stood in middle of the compartment, adjacent to critical area and waited until passing the fourth station.Adjacent area - late: model stood in adjacent area and waited until passing the sixth station. On each trial one observer noted the race, sex and location of every pas­senger, seated or standing, in the critical area, together with the total number of passengers and the total number who came to the victim’s assistance, plus their race, sex and location. A second observer in the adjacent area did the same and both observers recorded comments spontaneously made by nearby passengers and also tried to elicit comments from a passenger sitting next to them.

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