In situ conservation
- In situ conservaion means attempting to minimise the impact of human impact on the natural environment
- Legislation has been passed/can be passed to stop activities such as logging, hunting and land clearance
* It is not always easy for a government to enforce such legislation
* Legislation is specific to each country and it can sometimes be hard to persuade other countries that it is necessary
- Conservation parks are established to preserve the wildlife (both plant and animal) in an area
* The locations of conservation parks and national parks/nature reserves are chosen due to 3 criteria:
Comprehensiveness - how many species are represented in the area?
Adequacy - area large enough & can species survive/be sustained?
Representativeness - Is there a full range of diversity within each
Advantages/disadvantages of in situ conservation
- Plants and animals remain in their natural environment.
- Permanently protects biodiversity
- Provides oppurtunities for ecologically sustainable land uses
- Makes it easier for environment to be cared for
- Facilitates scientific research
- Tourists feed protected animals as well as dropping litter
- Continiued poaching in breach of legislation could still affect biodiversity
- Protected animals may leave reserve to raid crops
Humans and reservations
- Indigenous people must have their needs met by the reserve; they may use the land for spiritual or religious activity.
- Reserves established without the consent of indigenous populations has lead to conflicts in the past, mostly attributed to the downsides mentioned previously.