Drew and Heritage
- 'Talk at Work' - identified some key differences between everyday conversation and work place talk
a group of people who use the same variety of a language and who share specific rules for speaking and interpretating speech
Yule - 2004:
- 'speech is a form of social identity and is used consciously to indicate membership of different social groups'
Zdenek & Salzmann - 2004:
- 'need to share; pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary and manner of speaking to belong to the same speech community'
a group of people who share certain langage using practices
Hewings and Hewings - 2005:
- 'groups of people who share particular registers and use the kinds of texts in which these registers occur'
John Swales - 1990:
- 'groups that have goals or purposes and use communication to achieve these goals'
- instrumental authority - enforcing authority
- influential authority - using persuassion to make someone behave in a certain way
- Accomodation theory
- 'when people interact they adjust their speech, vocal patterns and gestures, to accomodate others'
Sinclair and Coulthard
- Initiation (starting conversation)
- Feedback (replying)
Ten can Dijk
- When we speak we are influenced by what is called a knowledge device
- audience appropriate language
- we change language depending on the 'communicative situation'
Power in interpersonal communication:
- powerful language can be used to influence others
- all have a personal power from our speech patterns
- "If what one says is worth listening to, then whenever one speaks, those will listen"