17 January 2002
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In the Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa near Lake Kivu and the city of Goma
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Low rounded peak, wide base and gentle slopes, layers of runny lava with little ash, frequent and non- violent eruptions
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- It is found at a destructive plate margin
- 2 parts of the East African Plate were breaking
- Plates pushed against each other and this caused the volcano to erupt
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- The speed of the lava reached 60kph.
- The lava flowed across the runway at the Goma Airport and through the town, splitting it in half.
- The lava destroyed many homes as well as roads and water pipes.
- The lava set off explosions in fuel stores and power plants
- Killed 45 people.
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- 500,000 people fled from Goma into neighbouring Rwanda
- Evacuees spent the night sleeping on the streets of Gisenyi.
- Rwanda could not cope with the influx, therefore there was no shelter, electricity or clean water.
- Cholera and other similar diseases were a real risk.
- Looting was a problem in Goma
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- Many residents returned to Goma within a week, in hope of receiving aid.
- Water was supplied in tankers (Bowsers).
- Aid agencies, including Christian Aid and Oxfam, were involved in the distribution of food, medicine and blankets.
- Aid centres were set up in order to provide shelter
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- Money was donated by various charity organisations
- Rebuilding of buildings commenced
- Nyriagongo was closely monitored in case of other violent eruptions
- Aid was sent out for education of children
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