- Created by: mrevv
- Created on: 26-12-19 10:32
Why William invaded
- Rightful heir to Edward the confessorm promised in 1051.
- No English sources mention this pledge, Norman factions in England.
- 1064, Harold visited Normandy and swore an oath under duress to support William.
- No English sources, Harold had the assent of the dying King.
- Wealthy, papal support. Anglo Saxon England was corrupt under Stigand, who was hated by Rome, and Harold, who broke an oath.
- William was pious and had Caen's monestry with abbott Lanfranc and reform councils.
- Pope Alexander II wanted English reform and central control so he supported William.
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- Descended from Vikingr raiders, normanus= northmen.
- Viking Rollo signed a treaty with King Charles the simple for Rouen.
- They settled and developed agriculture, adopting the language and culture of France.
- William had almost 20 years of experience and a close inner cicrle, including Roger Montgomery, William fitz Osbern, Roger of Mortain and Bishop Odo of Bayeux.
- They had famed cavalry, loyal magnates, kinship ties through marrige to other French nobles.
- Normandy was prosperous and well governed, with tax collected by sheriffs.
- It lacked natural boundaries of streams and fields, and it was exposed to rivals.
- However, William defeated invasions and secured his borders enough to leave.
- He conquered Maine and Brittany and gained the support of Flanders through Mathilda (Count Baldwin's daughter.
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