- Created by: mrevv
- Created on: 26-12-19 09:59
- London blocked William's advance, and he was nowhere near the North.
- His army was tired and there were Saxons in the North preapred to fight.
- Edwin, Morcar, Stigand, and Edgar met in London.
- Using terror, William took control of the South east, with Romney, Dover and Canterbury surrendering. He attacked shires around London, such as Winchester.
- In London, he built a castle so Stigand surrendered. Later so did the other nobles.
- Christmas day, crowned in Westminster by Ealdred, archibishop of York.
- Mistaking cheers for a revolt, the soldiers attacked locals- William was insecure.
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- 1067, William felt secure enough to return to Normandy.
- He toured Normandy, showing off his 4 noble captives and treasure.
- Fitz Osbern and Odo stayed in England. A small rebellion happened in Kent, and Eustace of Boulogne offered to come and lead it since his reward from 1066 was too small.
- The English lacked leaders and were shocked by 1066's defeat so they failed.
- Exeter, a rebellion against Norman taxation led by Harold's mother Gytha.
- William returned and marched into Dover in 1068 using Norman and English men.
- Exeter was seiged for 18 days and submitted, Gytha escaping to Flanders.
- William built a castle, and marched through Devon and Cornwall.
- Harold's sons from Ireland returned to Bristol but they were defeated by the English.
- Devon lay seige to the Castle of Montacre, and Harold's sons invaded again- defeated.
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- Firstly, Edgar, Edwin and Morcar defected to Scotland.
- William had promised to sell back some land, but they had little power or influence.
- Edwin was also mad that William broke his promise to marry a daughter to him.
- Resistance built near York so in 1068 William invaded Warickshire, Nottinghamshire and Yorkshire, so Edwin and Morcar surrendered and William built a castle at York.
- 1069, the rebels attacked Durham killing a Norman earl.
- In York, the rebels seiged the castle and Edgar returned to lead the rebellion.
- William relieved the castle but Edgar escaped. William built another castle.
- 240 Danish ships arrived by the river Humber. Danes, York and Edgar rebelled.
- They resented rule from the South and Edgar had a claim and Scottish links to Malcom III.
- William seiged York then paid off the Vikingr, celebrating Christmas there with his crown.
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Harrying of the North
- William was brutal towards Yorkshire, ravaging and laying waste to the local area.
- The area did not recover for generations, shown by Orderic Vitalis (50 years later) and the Doomsday book in 1068, which called 1/3 of Yorkshire 'waste'.
- William crossed the Pennines, forcing some of his troops to mutiny due to harsh weather.
- The rebels were unprepared for a winter assult, and William attacked Chester and Staffod.
- The Danes left the River Humber and William felt secure enough to return South.
- The English resented William's regents and the mudrum tax for murdering Normans.
- The Bishop of Durham thought the church was too Norman and land was lost.
- Earl Cumin in the North used mercenaries to attack the Tyre, Durhman and York.
- William did not feel safe from rebels copying York so he sent Mathilda back.
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East Anglian rebellion
- Revolts were localised, had no co-ordination, only dealt with local grievances, lacked leaders and manpower, soldiers wanted plunder and lacked training and weapons.
- 1070, William deprived bishops and abbots of thier positions as well as nobles.
- Some Danes and rebels went to Ely and attacked Peterborough, including Edwin and Morcar.
- Ely was a defensible island, it had an abbey and rivers for reinforcements and Danish ships.
- Edwin was killed by his men or William on the way to Scotland.
- After threatening to ***** Ely's abbot of wealth, land and titles, he betrayed the rebels.
- Hereward escaped and Morcar was captured and blinded.
- 1073-5, the Atheling submitted.
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Revolt of the Earls
- 1075, William was in Normandy, Maine and Brittany rebellions.
- Led by Roger de Bretuil (Hereford), Ralph de Gael (Norfolk) and Waltheof (Northumbria).
- First two Normans, Waltheof last remaining English earl. They had lost land from thier fathers.
- Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury, found out about it from Waltheof.
- The other two earls continued without a Danish army or Waltheof, lacking English support.
- Lanfranc and Odo crushed the rebellion, with de Gael escaping a seige to Brittany.
- de Bretail was imprisoned, but Waltheof was executed the following year.
- When the Danes arrived, they sacked York Minster then left.
- William's brute force meant this was the last rebellion.
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