- William Beveridge proposed free medical treatment, free dental care, free eye-sight treatment and free ospital treatment.
- The NHS was introduced in 1948.
- The NHS introduced: maternity, health visiting, home nursing, aftercare of the sick, health centres, vaccinations, ambulances, family doctors, medicines, dentists and medical research.
- Benefits of the NHS include: the priority of women's health, increased life expectancy for women, reduction of the maternal mortality rate, reduced worry for carers and a large range of health services.
- Opposition to the NHS: local authorities didn't want their hospitals nationalised, enormous cost, doctors didn't want to work for the government as they would be unable to charge for their services.
- Bevan gained support by: negociating with doctors, promising private treatment opportunities for hospital consultants and using his powerful personality.
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The social reforms of the liberal government 1906-1914:
- free school meals provided by local authorities
- school medical inspections
- old age pension act
- services to aid the unemployed in finding work
- national insurance act
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