New Media:

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Technologies: what are new media?

  • Can be defined as media that are...:
  • 1) digitial 
  • 2) online.
  • new media are plural as they involve multiple media (writting, images, video, sound) and multiple channels of communication: 
  • one-to-one
  • one-to-many
  • Many-to-one
  • Many-to-many
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Digital:

  • refers to innovations in communication and information-processing in the age of digital convergence. 
  • conversation of real-worl infromation to a binary electronic digital format, in which signals or information are transformed into discrete alphanumeric values represented by electronnic digits.
  • Includes digital formats of video, audio photos as well as digital computing of data such as electronic work processing etc.
  • Ability to make repeated, identical copies of the same info and to seamlessly move this info between different media, without loss of data. 
  • ability to produce access and sotre this information easily via online. 
  • this means data can be manipulated in many more wats and forms - all mutualy compatible and accessibly - that was the case with medium-specific analogue systems such as film.
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Online:

  • the term 'online' has more specific definition, referring to the sharing of computer-processed information by means of a computer network that allows remote access by multiple users to same digital info.
  • allows digital data to be create, distributed and reproduced through networks of users that do not share the same space. 
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The Public Sphere:

  • its a realm of disinterested, democratic public debate which (Should) exist where state decisions and machinery can be publicly questioned. 
  • Should exist in free space between: political authority (state) and civil society (markets and commerical interests - also, private family interests)
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1) Celebratory views of the internet.

  • Networked social movements (NSM, OSM)
  • information democracy
  • cross-cultural encounters and 'virtual communities'
  • 'hactivism' 
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Online political activism:

  • 'the internet consitutes a dynamic and complex space in which people can construct and experiment with identitiy, culture and social practices' 
  • 'new cycle of internet politics, involving unprecedented numbers of people using the internet to produce original instruments and modes of democracy'
  • tide of political activism has risen, with internet play important role' 
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Blogs, Wikis and Social networking:

  • 'Technopolitics; 
  • - democratising info: diverse actors producing info and making it freely and widely avilable. 
  • - political organising and networking: public access to self-expression and hearing others.
  • - online discussions and interactions: group blogs: alternative new community.
  • - Tweets: bite-sized comments and feedbacks: following threads. 
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2. Agnostic views of the internet.

  • online and off share norms of huma n interaction and politics: thesis of 'normalisation'
  • real-virtual divide misleading - mutual embeddednessm more accurate dpiction. 
  • internet become more of a part of everyday life and normal living.
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3, Sceptical views of the internet:

  • unequal access to and usage of the internet.
  • conglomeration and concentration
  • few information producaer , many consumers
  • rise in 'phatic' communication - self promotion
  • connectivity based on algorithms
  • internet use is still mediation
  • surveillance: invisible powe and civil liberties:
  • - people give up there privacy as they go on the internet... people can gain acces to your life easily from things such as instagram, twitter, facebook etc card details and more.
  • social media has everyone almost hooked in the genreation today. 
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