New Liberalism & Gladstonian Liberalism (Social Issues 1900-1918) (Britain 1900-1951)

  • Created by: oanderton
  • Created on: 26-08-20 10:32

What characterised Gladstonian Liberalism?

Peace, retrenchment, reform

Free trade

  • Trade free of tariffs (taxes placed on imports) and quotas
  • Fostering competitiveness and efficiency.


  • The State should intervene as little as possible in society or the economy
  • Favoured a government with a very limited role,
  • Low taxation
  • Protection of non conformists’ interests.

Importance of Reform

  • Promote education,
  • Defend the rights and freedoms of the individual
  • Pressurising the ruling classes to lessen the effects of privilege.
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What characterised New Liberalism?

David Lloyd George became leader of the party after Gladstone’s death in 1898.Political hero was Chamberlain (and his progressive views).  Dominated the government by 1906.

  • Agreed that to stop the rise of socialism they needed to broaden their political appeal
  • Realised that the working classes had difficulty saving for retirement, unemployment or sickness because of LOW WAGES which created a relentless cycle of poverty.
  • Pursued a policy of social reform. Becoming their main policy 
    • New understanding of new relationship between state and the individual
    • Minimal Intervention to maximise standard of living and establish poorer sections of society
    • Free trade/ business without control
    • Idea of “self help
    • Higher government spending
    • Natural extension of traditional liberalism
    • Freedom from things
    • Target poverty, poor wages and insecurity
    • Did not help/was not promoted to win 1906 election
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What was the differences?

  • Extention of state responsibility
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