How neutrality is retained
Anonymity of senior judges
Have to give legal justification for decisions.
Training- permanent tenure makes it difficult to remove judges whose neutrality is questioned
How neutrality is undermined
Judges predominently white and middle class
Politicisation- HRA (1998)
How independence is maintained
Independent appointments commission
Separation of powers
Training by experience judges- prevents out of touch judges.
How independence is undermined
Lord Chancellor still has power.