Network Components


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  • Created by: Brandon
  • Created on: 30-03-11 11:03


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A hub is a hardware device that connects multiples computers together in a network and allows them to share data packets. [Star network doesn't use hubs]

Each computer will be connected to a single 'port' on the hub (an 8 port hub will be able to connect up to 8 computers together).

  • Data packet arrives at hub port.
  • Transmits to all other ports.

Does not examine data packets like a switch does. Re-transmitting every packet to every port means data collisions are more frequent than a switch.

Data security is an issue as every computer encounters every data packet, even if they are not the intended recipient.

Cheap solution for a low-medium bandwidth network. A switch should be used if better performance and sophisticated handing of data packets is required.

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A network cable can only have one data packet in it at any one time. 2+ computers place a data packet onto the network simultaneously = 'data collisions'.

Network protocol is set up to deal with this, declaring the collided data as unusuable, forcing the computers to re-send their data. Only causes a small delay on a small network. But is not suitable for hundreds of computers. The switch helps to solve this.

A switch has a number of ports and stores addresses of all devices that are connected to it on each port.

  • Data packet comes into switch.
  • Destination address examined.
  • Direct connection made between two machines.

This means that virtual networks can be set up, which are useful for network managing.

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