Nepal Earthquake


Background details

  • 25th April 2015, 7.9 Richter scale
  • Destructive Collision plate margin - Indo-Australian collided with Eurasian Plate. No subduction.
  • Shallow earthquake at 15km deep caused severe Shaking.
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Primary Effects

  • Estimated US$5 billion.
  • 9000 dead, 20000 injured, 8 million (1/3 population) affected and 3 million homeless.
  • Loss of power, water and communication.
  • 7000 schools and 50% of shops destroyed.
  • 1.4 million needing food/ water/ shelter for weeks after.
  • Congested airports as aid arrived.
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Secondary Effects

  • Severe ground shaking, landslides and avalanches, blocking roads and limiting aid.
  • Mount Everest avalanches - 19 dead.
  • Damage as far as India, Tibet and Pakistan.
  • Avalanche blocked river Kali Gandaki - evacution die to flood risk.
  • Langtang avalanche 250 people missing.
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Immediate Responses

  • Search and rescue teams, water and medical support arrived from countries such as UK, India and China.
  • Half a million tents needed to provide shelter for the homeless.
  • Financial aid pledged by many countries.
  • Costed half their GDP to recover.
  • 7% of unepmloyment was in tourism.
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Long term responses

  • Stricter controls on building codes.
  • Thousands of homeless people to be re-housed, and damaged houses repaired.
  • Roads repaired and landslides cleared.
  • Lakes formed by landslides dammingriver valleys, need to be emptied to avoid flooding.
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