Lenin's Policies

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  • Created by: bethan
  • Created on: 09-01-13 21:26

NEP

  • Peasants could sell food produce and pay tax on profits -> kulaks


  • Small businesses no longer had to be state owned - they could therefore make a profit


  • Vital industries (e.g. coal, iron, steel, railways, shipping and finance) stayed in state hands


  • Allowed economic recovery - by 1928 industrial and food production were similar to in 1914 and some people grew rich
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WAR COMMUNISM

  • Farms and factories = state ownership
    • private trade banned
  • Food taken for soldiers and industrial workers
    • peasants who refused were shot or sent to forced labour camp
  • Cheka hunted and executed enemies of the state
  • Industrial workers were not allowed to strike or be absent
  • All adults had to work (except for the sick or pregnant)
  • War Communism led to famine and decline
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