- They were blamed for Weimars Problems
- Was said that they were plotting to take the world.
- Jews in Germany were seperated from their fellow Germans.
- Jews were Sacked from their jobs and were denied the same rights as the rest of the population.
- They were banned from owning farms in Germany.
- Banned from all government jobs.
- Boycott of Jewish shops april 1933
- Forbidden from owning their own shops or businesses
- Were forbidden to work with aryans
- Isolated/removed from school.
- Had to wear the star of david so they could be easily identified as a Jew.
- Banned from public places.
- July 1933 concordat with the catholic church- allowed it to retain its youth groups and schools.
- Protestant church was divided in its attitide to Nazism.
- German Christians was formed, led by Ludwig Muller: the first Reich Bishop (July 1933)- Were in favour of the Nazis
- Confessional church was set up by protestants who disagreed with Nazism. In this church they were critical of the Nazi regime and wanted to prevent state control of the Church.
- Pastor Martin Niemoller, one leader of the coffessional church was arrested by the Nazis in 1937 and was sent to Dachau Concentration camp and remained there until his release in 1945
- Nazis set up their own official church- Germain Faith Movemnet in 1934. Based up Paegan beliefs.
The Gestapo and **
- Germany's special security force.
- Hitler's personal guard.
- Their job was to organize the holocaust and to kill jews.
- They were used as a police force to round up Jews.
- They were in charge of the Jews that were put in the Ghettos.
- Put Jews in Concentration and Death camps.
Hitler put Josef Goebbels in charge of Nazi propaganda[Propaganda: A type of advertising for an idea or cause, produced by supporters or opponents of that idea or cause. It is usually produced to influence how the people of a nation think. ]. Methods of campaigning that the Nazis used in the 1920s included radio, mass rallies, newspapers (eg 'Der Sturmer'), Hitler's speeches, and posters.
The Nazis used crude slogans to introduce these ideas and to make them appeal to the ordinary people of Germany.
Censorship of newspapers and the arts
Newspapers were censored.
1935 - 1,600 newspapers were closed down
1938 - 10,000 publications disappear
Around 2,500 textbooks by unreliable authors were burnt in public.
Berlin students burned 20,000 books by Jews and Communists in 1933.
Music was controlled. Jazz was banned, as well as the jitterburg dance, as they had been invented by black people.
Germany lost many talented authors and musicians, eg Thomas Mann and Bertolt Brecht. On the other hand, Strauss and Wagner were very popular.
1934 – The Malicious Gossip Law – telling an Anti-Nazi joke was a crime, leading to a fine or imprisonment.
Master Race Theory
From 1933 to 1945, Nazi Germany’s government led by Adolf Hitler promoted a nationalism that combined territorial expansion with claims of biological superiority—an “Aryan master race”—and virulent antisemitism. Driven by a racist ideology legitimized by German scientists, the Nazis attempted to eliminate all of Europe’s Jews, ultimately killing six million in the Holocaust. Many others also became victims of persecution and murder in the Nazis’ campaign to cleanse German society of individuals viewed as threats to the “health” of the nation.