Kristall Nacht - Jews
- Also known as the Crystal Night or the Night of Broken Glass.
- Started 7 November 1938.
- Polish Jew Hershel Grynszpan shot a German at the embassy in France in retaliation to how his parents had been treated. He died 9 November.
- Germans wanted revenge, so put it on the Jews, by treating them very violently on 9 to 10 November.
- The Jews were fined 1 billion marks and banned from jobs and schools.
- Goebbel ordered that if Germans decided to take revenge on the Jews, the government should do nothing to prevent it-some took it as a direct order to attack them.
- Himmler ordered to have put as many Jews as possible in prison.
- Gangs smashed Jewish property and attacked the Jews.
- Some Germans were horrified, but other watched with pleasure.
- 814 shops, 171 homes, 191 synagogues were destroyed.
- 100 Jews were killed.
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Nuremberg Laws - Jews
- Passed 15 September 1935.
- Jews lost citizenship-only German blood could be German citizens, so lost the right to vote, hold government office or have German passports.
- They had to trevel in different parts of buses and trains.
- The coloured patch was required to set them apart.
- They couldn't marry Germans.
- In March 1928 they had to register all belongings, so they were easily confiscated.
- July 1938, they needed identity cards. Doctors, dentists and Lawyers were forbidden to work for Germans.
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- Gypsies- in 1935, no gypsy/german marriage was allowed.
- Homosexuals were sent to camps.
- Disabled babies were killed.
- Disabled people and alcoholics were sterilised. From 1934 to 1945, 700 000 were sterilised.
- By 1945, 6000 disabled children were killed by injection or starvation.
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