Nazi Dictatorship: Propaganda & Censorship GCSE Edexcel History 2A


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Key points/people

  • Joseph Goebbels- in charge of propaganda.
  • The press.
  • Universities.
  • Arts-Music & cinema.
  • Radio.
  • Sport.
  • Propaganda: material designed to promote Nazi ideas such as anti-semitism.
  • Censorship: restricting distribution of un-Nazi ideas.
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  • Newspapers were encouraged, but they had to provide views of which the Ministry agreed to or be punished.
  • Journalists were given regular briefings, with information the government were willing to publicise.
  • Therefore, all newspapers were basically Nazi newspapers.
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  • Nazis had little respect for academic research.
  • A Nazi education minister once said: "A roadsweeper sweeps up 1000 microbes with one stroke; a scientist preens himself on discovering a single microbe."
  • Between 1933 and 1938, 3000 professors and lecturers were dismissed.
  • Research results were always expected to support Nazi views- for example, they had to say that Jews' brains were smaller than Germans'.
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  • Hitler was very strict on arts, being an artist himself.
  • The Reich Chamber of Culture was set up. Writers, musicians, artists and actors had to be members- those disapproved of were banned.
  • Millions of books that were disapproved of were burnt in huge, public bonfires.
  • Jazz music was seen as black music and was banned.
  • Beethoven and Bach was encouraged, since they were German composers.
  • Traditional German folk music was also encouraged.
  • A songwriter of songs about German legendary heroes was promoted though he had previously been a lesser-known person.
  • Each new film was sent to Goebbels for approval to be viewed in the cinema.
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Radio & Sport

  • Radio
    • Hitler and the Nazis made frequent broadcasts.
    • Cheap radios were sold or placed in public places to promote Nazism.
    • In the 1930s, there were more radios per person in Germany than anywhere else in Germany.
  • Sport
    • In 1936, a stadium which could hold 110, 000 people-the largest in the worls, was built to reflect German power.
    • All events were faultlessly organised to show off German efficiency.
    • Germany won 33 gold medals, which was more than any other country, as well as silver and bronze.
    • Hitler refused to give Jesse Owens, the winner of the 100m sprint, a medal because he was black.
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