- Created by: RoryFitzroy
- Created on: 18-03-17 10:52
Background of anti-Semitism
Hitler expressed his ideas of needing an 'Aryan-race' that had not been 'polluted by Untermenschen' in Mein Kampf. Persecution of Jews has existed since the middle ages. Hitler used Jews as scapegoats:
- Defeat in WW1 & 'November Criminals,
- 1923 Hyperinflation,
- 1929 depression.
Persecution of Jews
- 1933 - Boycott of Jewish shops, Jews banned from holding certain positions (e.g Civil service)
- 1935 September - Nuremberg Laws: Took away right of citizenship and made it illegal for them to be in a relationship with Aryans (e.g)
- 1938 November - Kristallnacht: Attacks on Jews, Synagogues and Jewish shops organised by Goebbels. 100 Jews killed 30 000 arrested to Conc. camps.
- 1939 April - Jews evicted and forced into Ghettos. Over 1/2 of Jews had emigrated by now.
Treatment of the Church
Although Hitler saw the Church as a threat he realised that the importance of their support. Nazism held up traditional family values and protected against communism (usually atheist)
- 1933 - National Reich Church set up. Attempt to Gleichschaltung - Bible replaced by Mein Kampf and cross replaced with a portrait of Hitler. Priests pretend to conform to prevent being arrested by the Gestapo.
- 1934 - Confessional Church set up by Martin Niemoller. Pastors emergency league openly attacked the Nazi regime.
- Catholics owed their allegiance to the Pope, not Hitler. Preferred Centre party.
- 1933 - Hitler signed a concordat with the Pope giving the church full religious freedom without state interference if the church stayed out of politics
- Catholic priests were harassed, Catholic schools took out of church control and youth groups closed down. Nazis had broken the agreement
- 1937 - Pope spoke against Human rights abuses. 400 priests were arrested as a result.