NATURE VS NURTURE

Debates in Psychology 

Highlights

DEFINITIONS

APPROACHES

TOPIC AREAS

STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES

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  • Created by: Damilola
  • Created on: 08-06-12 16:10

NATURE VS NURTURE

Definition of Nature:Nature explains behaviour is innate 

Approach:BIOLOGICAL

Research methods:Family, Adoption,Twins, brain scans,experiments,

Topic areas: Ocd,Phobias,Substance abuse, Schizophrenia Gender

                     'VS'

Definition of Nurture:Nurture explains behaviour as learnt through factors in our enviroment 

Approach: Behaviourist,SLT 

Research Methods:   cross cultural studies 

Topic areas: Ocd,Phobias,Substance abuse,Schizophrenia,Gender 

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Nature STRENGTHS AND LIMITATIONS

NATURE STRENGTH 

1)  Scientifically tested,large pairs of twins (Mcguffin) .

2) Experiments have influenced useful applications for treatments.

NATURE – LIMITATIONS

 1) Neglects the role of the environment.

2) explains behaviour poorly  too deterministic e.g Substance abuse choice wether or not to drink alcohol 




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NURTURE strenghts and limitations

NURTURE strengths  

1) Takes the environment into consideration.

 ž  2)Has created useful treatments such as behaviour therapy.

NURTURE LIMITATIONS

Neglects the biological impact on behaviour.

ž 

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INTERACTIONIST APPROACH

 Nurture + Nurture = Interactionist 

Piaget  cognitive development, we inherit schemas but cognitive development depends on our interactions with the environment 

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