Nature of Dreams

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  • Created by: jconroy22
  • Created on: 19-02-14 11:43

What are Freud's 3 beliefs?

1. Our repressed primary process thoughts are expressed through dreams. 

2. Dreams are wish fulfillment. 

3. Dreams are symbolic.

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What is said about nightmares?

Nightmares are not pleasant and therefore are not protecting the sleeper. However, Freud argues that nightmares are just warnings. 

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What is said about nightmares?

Nightmares are not pleasant and therefore are not protecting the sleeper. However, Freud argues that nightmares are just warnings. 

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What does Hopfield et al's study do?

Hopfield's study showed by using computer stimulations that condensation occurs during dreaming. This therefoer supports Freud's theory. Furthermore the scientific nature enhances the importance as it allowed for high control and a lack of participant effects. 

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What support does Solms provide?

His study showed that the rational areas of the brain were not active during dream sleep and that memory and motivational areas were active. Supports Freud as it can explain wish fulfillment. 

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What did Braun do?

Braun critcised  Solms as if the rational areas were not active when how does the content change from latent to manifest? Freud's theory may be reductionist and it may need a more complex system to explain dreams

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What hypothesis does the neurobiological approach

Activation Synthesis Hypothesis

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How is A-S-H unlike Freud?

Unlike Freud the A-S-H believes that there are no meanings behind dreams. 

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What did Hobson and McCarley suggest?

Hobson and McCarley suggested that dreaming occurs during REM sleep and that brain activity can explain dreams. 

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How does A-S-H work?

Dreams are caused by the brain stem sending eletrical singals activating the brain. The signals reach the prefrontal cortex where the brain tries to make sense of them. The signals then can get mixed up with memories making them bizarre. 

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What did Braun's research show?

The PET scans showed that the brain stem was active during REM sleep. 

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Why is the self reported method a weakness?

Social Desireability Bias can alter the findings therefore they may be highly unreliable 

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What did Synder find?

After having analysed over 600 dreams he found that dreams are actually very realistic. This therefore leads us to question both theories. 

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